Animal testing is the act of using non-human animals for scientific experimentation, usually to ensure whether a product is safe for humans or not. However, animal testing is used worldwide, and its purpose ranges from guaranteeing the safety of domestic products to aiding medical research, particularly in the areas of biology and chemistry. This has always been a very controversial issue, but it first became a concern of Great Britain when in 1822, the country passed the Martin’s Act, which outlaws farm animal cruelty. The Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals was also founded in 1824, but since then there have been no significant improvement in prohibiting animal testing. While many support the testing of animals because it ensures the well-being of humans, others—especially animal rights advocates—strongly despise such actions as they believe humans do not deserve to ignore other animals’ rights and freedom. The major figures who supported animal testing during their lifetime include Louis Pasteur, Ivan Pavlov, Claude Bernard, and much more. In fact, there are few who have publicly rejected animal testing in history, although Charles Darwin is quite well-known. The PETA society is also well-known for aggressively promoting animal rights. Now, the subject of animal testing has become even more controversial than before, and although many countries are slowly opening up to granting animal rights, it is still considered an important practice by manufacturers and scientists everywhere.
Like mentioned in the introduction, there are many people in history who have supported animal testing and used it for their benefit and experimentation. Louis Pasteur, for example, used animals to aid the invention of cholera and rabies vaccines, and Ivan Pavlov used dog saliva to describe how they cool themselves naturally. Claude Bernard, a notable figure in the field of physiology once said that animal testing is "entirely conclusive for the toxicology and hygiene...
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