and Elizabeth Clarke Manning was born July 4, 1804 in Salem, Massachusetts. Salem,
Massachusetts is also known for the witch trail that Hawthorne’s grandfather was
involved, which is why he put the “w” in his name. To hide the shame from his family’s
original name Hathorne. Hawthorne is known as an American novelist and short story
writer. Hawthorn’s father was a ship’s captain and died of yellow fever. Shortly after that
Hawthorne’s mother Elizabeth Manning was very hard on him and “pushed him toward
relatively isolated pursuits”. His mother pushing him so hard lead him to “shy and
bookish, which molded his life as a writer.”
Hawthorne attended college at Bowdoin College in 1821 and
graduated in 1825. After graduating college Hawthorne turned to Salem and
wrote his fist novel Fanshawe that was anonymous and didn’t get that much attention.
Hawthorne wrote many short stories, one of his most known short stories was Twice-
Told Tales. Twice-Told Tales was published in 1837, almost ten years after his fist short
story was published.
In 1839 Hawthorne met his soon to be wife Sophia Peabody. Hawthorne and Sophia
finally got married in 1842. After being married for two years the Hawthorne’s had their
first child. The first born was a little girl by the name of Una. A few years later they had their second born Julian, a little boy. After having two children two years apart they
decided to wait five years and have their last child, a little girl named Rose.
After their last child was born Hawthorne took his family back to Salem. Where he
was appointed surveyor of the Boston Costume House by President James Polk. After
a few years Hawthorne was dismissed from the job of being the surveyor of the Boston
Custome House he dedicated himself to his most famous novel, The Scarlet Letter.