Background and Development of Theoretical Ethical Approaches

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1.1 Explain the background and development of theoretical ethical approaches?

BACKGROUND AND DEVELOPMENT OF THEORETICAL ETHICAL APPROACHES

Deontological Theory
The deontological theory state that the consequences or outcomes of actions are not important, what actually matter is that the actions are morally justified. For example drunken driving is wrong, now if a person argues that he safely navigated his way back home and for that reason he/she should not be held accountable by law, they are wrong because their action was wrong in the first place and was breaking the basic principle for morally correct behaviour that a person should not drive while being drunk.

The contribution of Immanuel Kant towards development of Deontological theory

Immanuel Kant proposes that in taking a decision “Duty” carries the foremost importance. Kant is of the view that a person’s actions will only be regarded as morally and ethically correct when they are taken keeping in mind the sense of duty and responsibility in mind.

Teleological Ethical Theory
The teleological ethical theory put the primary focus on the “Consequences” i.e. “What are those actions that produce the best possible results”? Along with attaching importance to the consequences the teleological theory also suggests that the decisions framework that is developed for achieving the desired consequences should also be managed with care. Consequentialist Theory

According to the “Consequentialist Theory”, the basis for determining how moral a person’s actions are the consequences. The consequences of actions can be good or bad, and they can be damaging or favorable. The contribution of Jeremy Bentham towards development of Consequentialist Theory A person’s actions can be a classified as good or bad depending on what consequences the action has produced. According to Bentham’s opinion the good things are classified as “pleasure” and the bad ones as “pain”. Thus the morality of the person’s actions is...
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