BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
When we want to discuss about baby dumping, firstly we must know about the definition. The baby dumping refers to discarding or leaving alone, for an extended period of time, a child younger than 12 months of age in a public or private setting with the intent to dispose of the child. It is a crime happens when close proximity committed between a guy and a woman and resulted in unwanted baby. (http://hussain- english.blogspot.com/)
Baby dumping is a social crisis and has a chronic increase as many cases are occurring in Malaysian society The baby dumping issue arise when the woman had her unplanned pregnancy and been pressured by the question about the status of the child. Beside they may feel that they are not yet ready for his responsibility. In term of “tradition”, young women fear rejection by their parents and the community if they are found to have had a baby outside of marriage. This tradition will absolutely increase the cases of baby dumping. Pregnant women that are rejected by their boyfriends, who may even deny being in any relationship with the woman and the child may then dump the baby because she fears that she will be unable to look after the child alone, or to afford the child’s maintenance. In conjunction prostitution also will cause of baby dumping. (www.lac.org.na/projects/grap/Pdf/mono1infant.pdf)
A sex worker who must care for and breastfeed an infant will not be able to continue the work she has turned to in order to support herself. Some women who are HIV positive think that their baby will also be infected and will die soon will dump their baby. Women who are get unwanted pregnancy and lack of knowledge or information may be unaware of the possibilities of foster care or adoption tends to commit this unethical behavior. When a student has a baby, she might abandon the infant to ensure that she can continue her studies. The study examines the long term effect and the causes that lead to the issues of baby dumping. Psychological problems do happen, they do not bond with the baby and as soon as the baby is born, they do not want even to touch the baby and it is a psychological problem. Socially they feel left out because they feel that now they cannot go back to their school, they cannot go back and do anything else. Anything that is a happy event is a disaster to them. In very serious cases they want to commit suicide. It is either that they commit suicide or they kill the baby. Therefore it is actually a mental disease which is treatable. It occurs at eight months of pregnancy, 24 hours after birth and sometimes six to eight months after the baby has been born they can continue to have a relapse of this depression. These ladies can easily kill the baby without any feelings. (www.lac.org.na/projects/grap/Pdf/mono1infant.pdf)
Reports of babies has found tragically buried, dumped in dumpsters or wrapped in plastic bags and even thrown into rivers or drains. As a result, it had understandably inflamed and reached to the public concerns. Moreover, the sad thing is abandonment has become so casual. Nowadays, more and even more babies get dumped everywhere. In reality, baby dumping is the most frightening reality in our culture regarding an illegitimate child as a problem to be throwing away at birth. The major cause is unwanted pregnancy as young women mostly are not ready to be mothers, or get rid of the unplanned birth of fear or ignorance. Thus, it shows that men’s irresponsibility also contributes to this social problem.
Therefore, this issue has reached to the government consideration and government also has come out with some policies to anyone who dumped a baby. Dumping a baby can be a capital offence when the person has committed it and causing the child to die consequently, the Cabinet has decided the murder sentenced to death. Some committee such Women’s Aid Organization disagreed that capital punishment should be implemented because it may not be the...
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