Ba 12n

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Chapter 02
Individual Behavior, Personality, and Values
 

True / False Questions
 

1. One person-job matching strategy is to select applicants whose existing competencies best fit the required task.  True    False

 

2. According to the MARS model of individual behavior and performance, employee performance will remain high even if one of the four factors significantly weakens.  True    False

 

3. The MARS model identifies the four main factors that influence individual behavior: motivation, ability, role perceptions, and situational factors.  True    False

 

4. Motivation is an external force on the person that causes him or her to engage in specific behaviors.  True    False

 

5. Intensity refers to the fact that motivation is goal-directed, not random.  True    False

 

6. Aptitudes are natural talents that help individuals to learn specific tasks more quickly and perform them better than other people.  True    False

 

7. Ability is the most important factor in the MARS model to explain why people quit their jobs.  True    False

 

8. The forces within a person affect the employee's motivation.  True    False

 

9. Learned capabilities refer to the skills and knowledge that you have actually acquired.  True    False

 

10. Competencies refer to the complete set of motivations, abilities, role perceptions and situational factors that contribute to job performance.  True    False

 

11. Companies can improve employee role perceptions by describing the employee's assigned tasks clearly and providing meaningful performance feedback.  True    False

 

12. Situational factors are working conditions within the employee's control.  True    False

 

13. Competencies refer to goal-directed behaviors under the individual's control that support organizational objectives.  True    False

 

14. Research has found that absenteeism is rarely, if ever, caused by situational factors.  True    False

 

15. Personality is a relatively stable pattern of behaviors and internal states that explains a person's behavioral tendencies.  True    False

 

16. Personality traits are more evident in situations where social norms and reward systems constrain behavior.  True    False

 

17. The 'Big Five' personality dimensions represent five clusters that represent most personality traits.  True    False

 

18. Conscientiousness refers to the extent that people are sensitive, flexible, creative, and curious.  True    False

 

19. People with a high score on the neuroticism personality dimension tend to be more relaxed, secure and calm.  True    False

 

20. Agreeableness, extroversion, and conscientiousness are three of the 'Big Five' personality dimensions.  True    False

 

21. Sensing, feeling, and judging are three of the 'Big Five' personality traits.  True    False

 

22. Conscientiousness is one of the best personality traits for predicting job performance in most job groups.  True    False

 

23. According to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, some people are 'sensing-thinking' types whereas others may be 'intuitive-feeling' types.  True    False

 

24. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator measures the personality traits described by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung.  True    False

 

25. Personality is completely determined by heredity. 
True    False

 

26. Values are stable, evaluative beliefs about what is important in a variety of situations.  True    False

 

27. In the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 'judging' types have a strong desire for order and want to resolve problems quickly.  True    False

 

28. Evidence regarding the effectiveness of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and Jung's psychological types is inconclusive.  True    False

 

29. Mature adults tend to have a single unitary self-concept that remains relatively stable.  True    False

 

30. The three structural dimensions of...
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