Ba 12n

Topics: Big Five personality traits, Personality psychology, Ethics Pages: 91 (12423 words) Published: September 11, 2012
Chapter 02
Individual Behavior, Personality, and Values

True / False Questions

1. One person-job matching strategy is to select applicants whose existing competencies best fit the required task.  True    False


2. According to the MARS model of individual behavior and performance, employee performance will remain high even if one of the four factors significantly weakens.  True    False


3. The MARS model identifies the four main factors that influence individual behavior: motivation, ability, role perceptions, and situational factors.  True    False


4. Motivation is an external force on the person that causes him or her to engage in specific behaviors.  True    False


5. Intensity refers to the fact that motivation is goal-directed, not random.  True    False


6. Aptitudes are natural talents that help individuals to learn specific tasks more quickly and perform them better than other people.  True    False


7. Ability is the most important factor in the MARS model to explain why people quit their jobs.  True    False


8. The forces within a person affect the employee's motivation.  True    False


9. Learned capabilities refer to the skills and knowledge that you have actually acquired.  True    False


10. Competencies refer to the complete set of motivations, abilities, role perceptions and situational factors that contribute to job performance.  True    False


11. Companies can improve employee role perceptions by describing the employee's assigned tasks clearly and providing meaningful performance feedback.  True    False


12. Situational factors are working conditions within the employee's control.  True    False


13. Competencies refer to goal-directed behaviors under the individual's control that support organizational objectives.  True    False


14. Research has found that absenteeism is rarely, if ever, caused by situational factors.  True    False


15. Personality is a relatively stable pattern of behaviors and internal states that explains a person's behavioral tendencies.  True    False


16. Personality traits are more evident in situations where social norms and reward systems constrain behavior.  True    False


17. The 'Big Five' personality dimensions represent five clusters that represent most personality traits.  True    False


18. Conscientiousness refers to the extent that people are sensitive, flexible, creative, and curious.  True    False


19. People with a high score on the neuroticism personality dimension tend to be more relaxed, secure and calm.  True    False


20. Agreeableness, extroversion, and conscientiousness are three of the 'Big Five' personality dimensions.  True    False


21. Sensing, feeling, and judging are three of the 'Big Five' personality traits.  True    False


22. Conscientiousness is one of the best personality traits for predicting job performance in most job groups.  True    False


23. According to the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, some people are 'sensing-thinking' types whereas others may be 'intuitive-feeling' types.  True    False


24. The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator measures the personality traits described by Swiss psychiatrist Carl Jung.  True    False


25. Personality is completely determined by heredity. 
True    False


26. Values are stable, evaluative beliefs about what is important in a variety of situations.  True    False


27. In the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, 'judging' types have a strong desire for order and want to resolve problems quickly.  True    False


28. Evidence regarding the effectiveness of the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) and Jung's psychological types is inconclusive.  True    False


29. Mature adults tend to have a single unitary self-concept that remains relatively stable.  True    False


30. The three structural dimensions of...
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