The Mexican pre-conquest world consisted of several different civilization, the Maya and the Aztec being the two most prominent. The Maya and the Aztec, while very similar, both dominated Mesoamerica at a certain time. The Maya dominated from 600 B.C. to A.D. 900, the Aztecs ruled from 1345 to 1521. These pre-conquest civilizations have developed political, economic, and social structures that will be compared. The Aztecs are considered Mesoamericans strongest civilization.
The Mayas political rulers have been depicted through hieroglyphics that have been translated and thought to be understood. Their system of governance consisted of rulers, some of which were women. There rulers were in charge of the civilization. The rulers inherited the right to rule by associating Gods with their royal ancestors. Maya civilization consisted of several large cities of over 50,000 people. Examples of these cities are Palenque, Tikal, and Copan.
The Mayas had a social structure primarily concerned with religion. As was common in Mesoamerica, they are a highly sacrificial society. They left sacrifices for the Gods to repay them. Through the hieroglyphics it can be deduced that the Mayas went through devastating warfare’ they show battles with other cities. This was the first written history. Their class structure was prevalent in the architecture.
The Mayas economic system revolved around Maize. The Mayas treated maize similarly to how they would treat a God. Maize gave the Mayas the ability to become a civilized society. It became a prosperous crop which allowed them to be healthy and reproduce. It is clear in the “Popol Vuh” that the Gods created human beings out of maize. The economy ran on maize because it however the crops did benefited or caused a financial problem.
Chichen Itza, a great Mesoamerican city, was the home of the first ball game. It had a ball court in which the first competitive game was ever played with a ball. The game was...
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