Ayatollah Khomeini

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Ayatollah Khomeini
The Ayatollah Ruhollah Khumeini born in Khomein, Iran, 1901 bacame leader of Iran in 1970 by forcing the overthrow of the SHAH(MUHAMMAD REZA SHAH PAHALVI) and Prime Minister Shahpur Bakhtiar. The son of ayatollah of the Shiite sect, he achieved the high religious rank of ayatollah in the 1940’s and by 1962was one of the 6 grand ayatollah’s of Iran’s Shiite muslims. Exiled in 1963 for his part and religious demonstrations against shah, he moved to France in 1978. In Paris Khomeini emerged as a leader of anti shah movement and in January 1979, after the shah left iran, he returned to lead country , becoming faghi(supreme ruler of life) in December. In November 1979 militants students who invaded US embassy and precipitated the IRANIAN HOSTAGE CRISIS received khomieni’s support. Khomeini’s efforts to create an Islamic state have met with opposition from minorities within the country and from various leftist guerrilla groups. Division have also arisen within the govt. between the fundamentalists clerics and moderates such as Abolhasan BANI-SADR. The letter elected presedent of iran in January 1980 with Khomeini support, was dismissed by Khomeini in june 1981 for “political incomepetence.”khomeini has imposed rigid censorship, executed members of the opposition, and banned Western customs. He has committed the country to continue the war with Iraq beaun in September 1980 until it achieves the total victory..

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