Aviation Security and Its Impact on Airports

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Aviation Security and Its impact on Airports
John Gonzales
10583530
Utah Valley University

Abstract
In this paper I will discuss some of the history of terrorist attacks, along with the formation of the TSA. I will also discuss some of the methods that the TSA uses to perform aviation security, and some of the controversy that comes along with these methods. I will discuss the technology that has been used in aviation security. Along with that I will discuss some of the more successful methods of aviation security procedures, and why they are successful. I will give my opinion as to why these methods are successful as well.

Throughout history, the aviation industry has been a constant target for terrorist attacks. Not only do attacks on airports and airplanes provide a large amount of casualties and damage expenses, but these attacks also generate a lot of news coverage, which in turn, fans the flames of terrorism even more. As a result, the aviation industry has tightened its belt when it comes to security at our airports. Some of the methods used to keep our planes flying safely can vary from just looking a man in the eye, all the way to a screener possibly checking me out because I walked through one of the controversial x-ray machines. In this essay, I will discuss aviation security and its impact on airports. The world’s first terrorist attack against civilians while in flight was the Cubana Flight 455, which was going from Barbados to Jamaica on October 6th 1976. The result of this horrific attack was the death of all 48 passengers and the 25 crew members on board. Close to ten minutes after takeoff at 17:24, a bomb was detonated at the back of the plane. The pilots were going to attempt to land the plane back at Seawell Airport where they took off from, but a few minutes after the first explosion a second bomb detonated on the plane. Realizing that a crash was imminent, the pilots turned the airplane away from the beach towards the Atlantic Ocean in order to save the lives of anybody on the ground that might get caught in the path of the wreckage.

On September 11th 2001(9/11), we all know of the despicable act of terrorism that was done against our country by terrorists from Al Qaida. At 8:46 AM, American Airlines flight 93 crashed into the World Trade Center buildings in New York City. Just 17 minutes later at 9:03 AM, United Airlines flight 175 also crashed into the World Trade Center buildings. As a result, the World Trade Center buildings came crashing down, killing almost 3000 innocent people. After these attacks, President George W. Bush said “These acts of mass murder were intended to frighten our nation into chaos and retreat. But they have failed. Our country is strong. A great people has been moved to defend a great nation. Terrorist attacks can shake the foundations of our biggest buildings, but they cannot touch the foundation of America. These acts shatter steel, but they cannot dent the steel of American resolve. America was targeted for attack because we're the brightest beacon for freedom and opportunity in the world. And no one will keep that light from shining. Today, our nation saw evil, the very worst of human nature, and we responded with the best of America, with the daring of our rescue workers, with the caring for strangers and neighbors who came to give blood and help in any way they could” (Bush). Even though I was just a freshman in high school at the time, I remember the news stories of how we, as Americans, banded together to help those in need after the attacks. Americans flocked to New York by the droves. Firefighters, police officers, average citizens, people from all walks of life wanted action taken to help those in a time of need, and to prevent something like this from ever happening again.

On November 19th 2001, just 2 months after the 9/11 attacks, President George W. Bush signed into law the Aviation and Transportation Security Act. Part of this act included the...
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