Aviation Noise Pollution

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Good evening to all, hope you had enjoyed the dinner. For me, I had a high quality dinner just now and this brings me to share with you about the recent endorsement on the Population White Paper by the Parliament. In Chapter 5 of the Population White Paper mentioned about “A High Quality Living Environment”. Being a developed country, Singaporeans nowadays are more concerned about the Quality of Life. Health Related Quality of Life (HRQoL) issues have also been addressed in this recently endorsed White Paper, this includes the addition of Health and Community Facilities to be build progressively in order support the expected 6.9 million population.

I would like to take this opportunity to share with you the key issues on how our aviation industry address the Health Related Quality of Life with regards to Noise generated around the airport vicinity and how it affect the nearby resident. Not forgetting how our Aviation industry is related to our Tourism industry.

The Aviation industry in Singapore plays a part in the Health Related Quality of Life issues, especially in the increase of aircraft noise around the airport vicinity. According to the facts and figures released by World Health Organization, there are a number of health effect causes by noise such as

Sleep disturbance ;
Cardiovascular effects;
Damage to work and school performance;
Hearing impairment;

Since the residents around the airport are constantly subjected to the aircraft noise, therefore they could be experiencing these health effects. For the past 20 years in aviation industry, enormous effort and focus have been put in to reduce aircraft noise during the development of new aircraft. Although new technologies have managed to reduce the noises generated from aircraft significantly, but still, there have been a number of complaints received every year on aircraft noise from the resident living around Singapore Changi Airport. This increasing in number noise compliant from the residents around the airport does not only occur in Singapore, other major airports around the world are also facing the same problem.

As the increasing of noise complaints has becoming more prominent, Civil Aviation Authority of Singapore has since then recommended the Noise Abatement Procedure to address this concern. Aircraft approaching the runway between 1600 - 2200 hrs (UTC) is recommended to avoid exceeding idle reverse thrust when using engine reverse upon landing on Runway 02L/20R.

It is important to address these complaints adequately since this may not be just an isolated issue within local aviation industry, but to certain extend, it could be indirectly linked to the local government obligations to the citizen, somehow related to what was committed by the Government in the white paper earlier on.

Complaints are commonly heard as citizen voices and may possibly cause instability within the country. Instability within a country will be costly especially when tourism is one of the key economic driver for a country like Singapore. Tourism Industry in Singapore contributed to the Singapore’s Gross Domestic Product exceeding 4 per cent in year 2011, amounting to 22.3 billion in Tourism receipt.

So, how does Tourism in Singapore affect local Aviation industry? Singapore is a small country in size and it depends mainly on international tourists rather than domestic. When tourists visit Singapore, they spent on goods and services, which will eventually translate to growth in retail and services industry. Growth of retails and service industry will in turn simulate the growth of other related markets and subsequently drive the unemployment rates down, the list goes on.

Singapore being an island, air transport is one of the most popular choices between land, air and sea transport. Singapore Changi Airport handled approximately 51.2 million of passenger in year 2012 with a daily average air transport movement of 889.65 (324,722 annual). This...
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