Aviation is the design, development, production, operation, and use of aircraft, especially heavier-than-air aircraft. Aviation is derived from avi, the Latin word for bird.
Aviation industry can be segmented into two i.e. Civil Aviation, Military Aviation
Civil aviation is one of two major categories of flying, representing all non-military aviation, both private and commercial. Civil aviation includes two major categories:
Scheduled air transport, including all passenger and cargo flights operating on regularly-scheduled routes and
Non-scheduled air transport service: It is an air transport service other than the scheduled one and may be on charter basis and/or non-scheduled basis. The operator is not permitted to publish time schedule and issue tickets to passengers
Military aviation is the use of aircraft and other flying machines for the purposes of conducting or enabling warfare, including national airlift (cargo) capacity to provide logistical supply to forces stationed in a theater or along a front
The history of Indian Aviation Industry started in December 1912 with its first domestic air route between Karachi and Delhi. It was opened by the Indian Air Services in collaboration with the UK based Imperial Airways as an extension of London-Karachi flight of the Imperial Airways. Tata Sons Ltd., the first Indian airline, started a regular airmail service between Karachi and Madras in 1932 , in 1946 Tata Airlines was transformed into Air India History
At the dawn of independence India had 9 air transport companies providing both air cargo and passengers To further strengthen the aviation sector of India, the Indian Government and Air India (earlier Tata Airline) set up a joint sector company, Air India International in early 1948 And the nationalization of Indian Airlines (IA) in 1953 brought the domestic civil aviation sector under the purview of Indian Government. Later the government-owned airlines dominated Indian aviation industry till the mid-1990s
The adaptation of Open-sky policy in 1990 and other liberalization policies of Indian Government on aviation sector made the industry undergo a rapid and dramatic transformation
Several private airlines have ventured into the aviation business in succession and many more are about to enter the arena.
Today the Indian aviation industry is dominated by private airlines and low-cost carriers, like Kingfisher Airlines, Deccan Airlines, Go Air, Spice Jet etc. And Indian Airlines, the giant of Indian air travel industry, gradually lose its market share to these private airlines
To create world class airports, the government has recognized the need for the involvement of private players in the development of airport infrastructure. Development of airports at Delhi and Mumbai has been taken up under Public Private Partnership (PPP) mode. The AAI has taken up the development of 35 non metro airports As per the Economic Survey of 2009-10, out of 35 airports, 9 have been completed and put in operation. The other projects are in progress and likely to be completed by 2010-11 The adoption of Open Sky Policy has resulted in the entry of several new privately owned airlines and increased frequency / flights for international airlines. Future Of Airlines Industry In India
Passenger traffic is estimated to grow at a CAGR of over 15% in the coming few years. The Ministry of Civil Aviation would handle around 280 million passengers by 2020. US$ 110 billion investment is envisaged till 2020 with US$ 80 billion solely for new aircraft and US$ 30 billion for developing the airport infrastructure. Lufthansa Cargo and GMR group have signed an agreement to develop Rajiv Gandhi International Airport as a South Asian cargo hub, with focus on pharmaceutical exports....