Autocratic System of Government

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Autocracy is defined as a form of government in which supreme political power is held by one person. The term autocrat is derived from the Greek word autokratôr, auto meaning self, and kratia meaning rule. It implies self-rule, where one can do whatever they want if they have power. Totalitarianism is considered a modern form of an autocratic government, where the government controls all aspects of the society. A totalitarian political party seeks to control not only all economic and political matters but the attitudes, values, and beliefs of the people, eliminating the distinction between state and society. According to Carl Friedrich and Zbignew Brzezinksi there are six key elements of totalitarianism and without these elements totalitarianism cannot exist: 1) an official ideology, 2) a single party typically led by one man, 3) a terrorist police, 4) a communications monopoly, 5) a weapons monopoly, and lastly 6) a centrally directed economy. The ultimate goal of a totalitarian government is to establish a “perfect” society in the eyes of the political party. Three major historical totalitarian states include the Soviet Union under Stalin, Italy under Mussolini, and Nazi Germany under Hitler.

Totalitarianism is an attempt to change the society as a whole, which is implemented by a single political party that controls all aspects of the society. The government would control all lines of communications, and used terror to intimidate society in hope that the society would only hear the political party’s ideology without any outside distractions. Totalitarianism states had full control the mass media. For example, newspapers, radio stations, and publishing houses were all run by the political party. Computers & photo copy machines were prohibited as well as foreign newspapers, books, and magazines. This was done to ensure that all means of communication would support the “official” political ideology so that only their ideology was heard and no one could doubt the party. A totalitarian state is regulated by a secret police; the police exercise power on behalf of the executive and the conduct of the police cannot be effectively challenged. In such regimes there is no significant distinction between the law and the will of the executive; there is no rule of law. Groups such as The Nazi Gestapo & the Soviet KGB, used means of terror in Totalitarianism rule. These groups would use intimidation, random arrests, torture and even execution in effort to solidify their political ideology in the minds of the people and so that no resistance movements would gain steam. The political police was a separate identity from the regular police force; they had their own prisons, mental hospitals, and labor camps. These facilities were specialized for those who didn’t follow the political ideology, and were much harsher than a normal jail cell.

The totalitarian state aspires to control a planned economy. A controlled economy is essential in a totalitarian state; there can be no liberal economy where each individual can pursue private enterprise. A totalitarian state has public ownership, with communism in the Soviet Union, or state supervision of private enterprise, in Nazi Germany or fascist Italy. Individual interests and goals must be according to the state. Communist Russia, Nazi Germany, and Fascist Italy each had a planned economy, all political parties involved had ideals and beliefs they believed would make a perfect or utopian society. Pseudo-Democratic rule was also a prominent theme, it meant the leader of political party maintained their power by force but rationalized their rule with pseudo-democratic arguments. It is a very integral part of totalitarianism, because the society is being remade it lets the society participate but at the same time making sure that people cannot change their rulers. For example, there was only one candidate person position on a ballot. Immediately after World War I, Russia became a...
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