“All growth depends upon activity. There is no development physically or intellectually without effort, and effort means work”
(Calvin Coolidge, as cited in Quoday, 2011).
Floortime (DIR) is a therapeutic technique that focuses on the child’s natural emotions and interests. This approach was developed by Dr. Stanley Greenspan. Floortime encompasses the learning interactions that are essential for enabling the different components of the brain and mind to work in unison. This framework emphasises the importance of building higher levels of emotional, social and intellectual capacities (Breinbauer, 2011). Throughout this process a comprehensive assessment is conducted and an intervention programme is implemented to facilitate the challenges experienced by children with Autism Spectrum Disorders (ASD) and other developmental difficulties (Breinbauer, 2011). The D (Developmental) part of the Model: Involves improving the child’s ability to control and regulate emotions, engage with others socially, respond to various types of communication and to express their needs by allowing them to think and play creatively. The I (Individual differences) part of the Model: Involves exploring the unique sensations and perceptions experienced by the child and the identification of whether or not they display hyper or under reactive responses to specific sensations. The R (Relationship-based) part of the Model: illustrates the learning relationships with caregivers, peers, therapists, educators and other’s involved in conquering the six developmental objectives that provide the foundations for intellectual and emotional growth (Breinbauer, 2011). Floortime involves a 20-30 minute period where the parent or therapist gets down on the floor to interact and play with the child (Lovendahl, 2004). Children with Autism and other developmental difficulties find linking their emotions to their behaviour and then to their words more challenging and require a lot of...
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