Topics: Autism, Autism spectrum, Mental retardation Pages: 3 (800 words) Published: August 4, 2013
Week 4 outline
Julia King Walker


I decided to do my term paper on what I believe is a very intriguing topic, autism. Autism is an extremely complex developmental disability that usually begins anytime between birth and three years old. The outcome is a neurological disorder that not only influences the regular functioning of the brain, but, impacts progress in social and communication skills. Both adults and children that have autism usually have complications with verbal and non-verbal communication, social interactions, and leisure and play time activities. (

Autism is definitely more common than portrayed in the past. It is actually second in prevalence to mental retardation amongst the more severe developmental disorders. Nearly one in eighty-eight children have been diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. It has been reported that autism can occur in all ethnic, racial, and socioeconomic groups. Studies have shown that autism is typically five times more common to occur in boys than girls. (

There is not just a single cause for autism. But, in general most people think it is caused by abnormalities in brain structure and function. If you look at a brain scan of an autistic person then you will see the scan shows significance differences in the function or structure of the brain versus a normal healthy brain. In an abundance of cases there seems to be somewhat of a pattern of autism or other mental disabilities. There is actually not one single gene alone that has been proven to be the cause of autism, but, some research is being done to search for irregular segments of genetic code. It seems that autism occurs more often when accompanied with certain medical conditions. Such as, tuberous sclerosis, fragile X syndrome, untreated phenylketonuria, and congenital rubella syndrome. There are...
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