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Australian Illicit Drug Policy

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Australian Illicit Drug Policy

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AUSTRAILIA’S ILLICIT DRUG POLICY: A COMPLETE ANALYSIS AND RECOMMENDATION JESSICA PRICE
JARED ROSS

POL-222

TASK 4: A RESEARCH REPORT
DATE OF SUBMISSION: 23, October 2012

Table of Contents

Abbreviated Terms4
Executive Summary5
Australia’s Illicit Drug Policy: Past, Present, & Future7 A Closer Look at Recommendations and Approaches11
Appendix A15
Appendix B18
Works Cited21

ABBREVIATED TERMS

ABSAustralian Bureau of Statistics
ACSAustralian Customs Service
ADCAAlcohol and Other Drugs Council of Australia
AFPAustralian Federal Police
AIDRAustralian Illicit Drug Report
AIHWAustralian Institute of Health and Welfare
ANCDAustralian National Council on Drugs
BCRBenefit-cost ratio
COAGCouncil of Australian Governments
DUCODrug Use Careers of Offenders
DUMADrug Use Monitoring in Australia
IGCDIntergovernmental Committee on Drugs
MCDSMinisterial Council on Drug Strategy
MSICMedically supervised injecting centre
NDRINational Drug Research Institute
NDSNational Drug Strategy
NDSHSNational Drug Strategy Household Survey
NIDCNational Illicit Drugs Campaign

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY
Illicit drug policy has not been a priority on the political agenda, but it is a policy that affects 6,902,527 Australians directly and has incurred a cost of billions of dollars to Australian society. The first paper in this report analyses the presence of illicit drugs in society, the costs of the drugs to society, and past and current policies. The second paper presents our recommendations and approaches to create an Illicit drug policy that is proactive and effective in minimising the harms of illicit drug use to the user and to society as a whole. Australia’s illicit drug policy is a newer policy; the first policy was created in 1985 due to international pressures. The founding principle of...