Australia’s Banking Industry
Date: May 2011 Disclaimer This publication has been prepared as a general overview of the Banking Industry in Australia and does not constitute and is not intended to constitute financial product advice as defined under the Corporations Act 2001 (Cwth). Nothing in this document should be construed as a recommendation or statement of opinion intended to influence a person in making an investment decision. The information is made available on the strict understanding that the Australian Trade Commission (Austrade) is not providing professional advice. While all care has been taken in the preparation of this publication, Austrade expressly denies liability for any loss or damage of any nature (including but not limited to any errors or omissions) arising out of or connected with reliance on the contents of this publication. Any person relying on this publication does so entirely at their own risk. Austrade strongly recommends that the reader obtain independent professional advice prior to making any investment decision. Austrade’s role in the promotion of Australian trade includes facilitating engagement by Australian financial services exporters in markets outside Australia. Austrade is not a promoter of any financial services products or investments and does not provide investment advice. Austrade assumes no responsibility however so arising for any company, product or service mentioned in this document, nor for any materials provided in relation to such products, nor for any act or omission of any business connected with such products. Investors should always make their own enquiries as to whether an investment is appropriate for their needs and should consult an independent and licensed advisor.
Executive Summary Australia’s Banking Industry Market Participants Banks Credit Unions Building Societies Non-Deposit-Taking Finance Companies Retail Banking Size and Scope Residential Mortgages Credit Cards Margin Lending Deposits Private Wealth Retirement or Superannuation savings Self-Managed Superannuation Funds Government Reforms ‘Competitive and Sustainable Banking’ Commercial Banking and Corporate Finance Scope Market Participants Authorised Deposit-taking Institutions Boutique Advisory Firms and Securities Brokers Specialised Finance Companies Commercial Lending Syndicated Debt Project and Infrastructure Finance Trade Finance Corporate Finance and Advisory Mergers and Acquisitions Equity Capital Markets Debt Capital Markets Asset-backed Securities Kangaroo Bonds Over-the-counter and exchange-traded markets Transaction Services – Payments System Operations Processing Regulation and Tax Environment Regulation of the financial system Overview Australian Prudential Regulation Authority Australian Securities and Investments Commission Reserve Bank of Australia Federal Treasury Australian Competition and Consumer Commission 5 6 9 9 11 12 12 13 13 14 15 16 16 18 18 18 19 21 21 21 21 21 21 22 25 26 28 30 30 30 33 36 37 39 40 40 44 44 44 44 45 45 45 45 Other regulatory agencies Summary of available operating models Overview Australian Credit Licence Available options Summary of requirements for each option The authorisation and application processes Australian financial services licences Introduction What is a financial service? What is a financial product? Retail and wholesale clients Other considerations Privacy laws Anti-money laundering and similar laws New laws to change the way to take security in Australia Taxation Summary Taxation of business profits Taxation treatment of funding options When is interest withholding tax payable? Exemptions from IWT Notional borrowing by an Australian branch of a foreign bank Deductibility of IWT Phasing down Australian IWT for financial institutions Special treatment for offshore banking units Thin capitalisation Useful Links Appendix A – Banking Institutions Appendix B – Credit Unions and Building Societies Appendix C – Foreign Retail Banks in...
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