Augustus Caesar, also known as Octavious, was born on September 23 in the year 63 BC. He was considered the first emperor of the Roman Empire and ruled from the years, 27 BC to 14 AD. His original name was “Gaius Julius Caesar”, and in 27 BC the Roman Senate awarded him the honorific title of “Augustus” which meant “the revered one”. Augustus came into power after the assassination of Julius Caesar in 44 BC. In 43 BC Augustus joined forces with Mark Antony and Marcus Aemilius Lepidus in a military dictatorship known as the Second Triumvirate. As Augustus became a Triumvir (member of the Second Triumvirate), he began to rule the Roman Empire and control many provinces. The triumvirate was eventually torn apart under the competing ambitions of its rulers. Lepidus was exiled from the Roman Empire, Antony committed suicide after taking an embarrassing defeat at the Battle of Actium by Augustus’s fleet, commanded by Agrippa in 31 BC. After the Second Triumvirate fell apart and war broke out between them, Augustus restored the Roman Republic by governmental power vested in the Roman Senate, while he was doing this, he maintained his power. It took years to find out the exact framework that would allow a formal republic state to be ruled by one single person, the result was the creation of the Roman Empire. The emperorship of the Roman Empire was not an office, like the Roman Republic, although the people of Rome insisted that Augustus should take dictatorship of the Roman Republic, Augustus declined. His title was not emperor like we would call him in our time, “Imperator”, which was a title given to successful generals, is one of many titles he was given. Another was “Princeps” which meant “the first of citizens”. Augustus originally had no royal title, but the Roman Senate granted him powers for life, including tribune of plebs and censor. He was considered a consul until 23 BC. His power stemmed from financial success and...
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