Auditory Stimuli and Dichotic Listening

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Auditory Stimuli � PAGE �2�



University of Phoenix Online

PSY 300 - Auditory Stimuli







_Introduction_

There are many different people in this world. Each individual has a different method for processing auditory information. This paper will break down the processing methods of the team members of Learning Team D as a whole. A consensus was met among the team due to a lot of similarities amongst the members of the team.

_Open Dialogue_

Paying attention to processing auditory information gives individuals the ability to be aware of their surrounding and personal task. Each teammate's reaction to auditory stimuli depends on environmental factors such as location, background noise or auditory interruptions. The personal factors that cause channels to change or switch gears are fatigue, medical problems, and hearing loss. Broadbent compares the mind to a radio because it receives many channels at once. Human attention is limited, and listening to two sounds at once will decrease the perception of what is being heard. An individual has to choose whom they will talk with, whether it is everyone in a crowd or just one person. Teammate's reaction to auditory stimuli varies because people are different and deal with situations depending on prior experiences, education, background, and etc. One teammate is top down influenced, whereas she tunes out the environment or surrounding noises and completes her task. She can listen to one person and completely tune out what is going on around her even if her name is being called. Another teammate is influenced by bottom up concept, meaning that this individual might be great at conversations, but tends to get bored quickly and then pays attention to the crowd instead. Paying attention to the crowd and analyzing their behavior will register in short-term memory. Just as attention is limited due to the numerous actions going on in a crowd, so is the space in the memory. As new information is viewed the old is bumped out. It is agreed upon by the team that as the individual speaking continues to talk and the listener becomes bored the mind begins to wonders. The individual is ignored and the information being said by them only enters the sensory perception.

_Experiences and Comfort levels_

The view point of dichotic listening and the cocktail party phenomenon can be interpreted by different viewpoints such as the listeners, or the psychological perspective. In this case, the view point comes from the individual opinions of each team member. Each member of the team expressed their experiences and comfort levels of dichotic listening, or the 'cocktail party' phenomenon. When comparing the similarities that each team member had, the majority of the group suggested that their dichotic listening skills are not as high as they would like but still multi listen at some point and time. Many of the team members have indicated that dealing with noises in the background at work seems to be a common occurrence for each of them. Of course this comes down to each person's individual outlook on the cocktail party phenomenon, but it is important to learn what a cocktail party phenomenon is. The cocktail party phenomenon pertains to a person's ability to listen to one conversation while several conversations or background noises are present. It is believed that a person can perform this function because of the human speech characteristics such as auditory system, or high levels perceptual and language processing (Kowalski & Westen, 2005). Of course, this ability is divided, some of the team members indicate that they can perform this skill without any problems and the other team members indicated that they have a hard time performing this skill. Therefore, the cocktail party phenomenon has a negative impact on individual's conversation abilities. This is due to not being able to maintain a 100 percent attention of each member involved in a...
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