Attention-deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a world wide recognized neurological dysfunction, in which the individual has trouble inhibiting inappropriate behavior and controlling impulses. This disorder usually shows up in young children and young adults, and is generally hereditary. ("Attention-deficit / hyperactivity," 2008) The essential or core feature are the hyperactivity and/or compulsiveness. To justify the diagnosis of ADHD the individual must have one or more of the symptoms present and causing difficultly to his or her life. The important factor of understanding individuals with ADHD is that it is often found together with other symptoms that overlap, rather just being one condition. (Knewley, 1999; Kingsly, 2011)
The symptoms of ADHD while present in a person’s childhood will often go unrecognized until the individual becomes a teen or even an adult. To be diagnosed for the disorder a child and/or adult must have the symptoms for over six months at an extent that is larger then individuals of the same age. (Knewley, 1999) The signs that identify with the disorder will often vary from each individual, as no two people will show the exact same symptoms. Though there are a number of different specific signs that are inhibited by an individual with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder, the broader symptoms are those that affect a persons activity levels, attention span and impulsiveness. (Kingsly, 2011; "Attention-deficit / hyperactivity," 2008)
The cause of ADHD is a loss of the chemicals called neurotransmitters in an individual’s brain. With the help of these chemicals messages are sent to the nerve cells in the brain. The Neurotransmitters dopamine for example, stimulates the brain’s attention centre so people with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder have low amounts of the chemical. With this disorder there is not one cause for the loss of chemicals, it is similar to ADHDs... [continues]
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