Attack on Pearl Harbor
attack on Pearl Harbor was a surprise military strike conducted by the Imperial Japanese Navy against the United States naval base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii, on the morning of December 7, 1941. The sneak attack sparked outrage in the American populace, news media, government and the world. On December 8, President Franklin D. Roosevelt addressed the American Congress, and the nation, to detail the attack. The attack took place before any formal declaration of war was made by Japan, but this was not Admiral Yamamoto's intention which he thought that the attack should not commence until thirty minutes after Japan had informed the United States that peace negotiations were at an end. It was intended to neutralize the U.S. Pacific Fleet, and hence protect Japan's advance into Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, where it sought access to natural resources such as oil and rubber. It was also an action in order to keep the U.S. Pacific Fleet from interfering with military actions the Empire of Japan was planning in Southeast Asia against overseas territories of the United Kingdom, the Netherlands, and the United States. The base was attacked by Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo planes in two waves, launched from six aircraft carriers. All eight U.S. Navy battleships were damaged, with four being sunk; which two were raised, and with four repaired, six battleships returned to service later in the war. There were 188 U.S. aircraft that was destroyed; 2,402 Americans were killed and 1,282 wounded, and Japanese losses were light: 29 aircraft and five midget submarines lost, and 65 servicemen killed or wounded. The attack came as a profound shock to the American people and led directly to the American entry into World War II in both the Pacific and European theaters and the next day United States declared war on Japan. The attack had several major aims which were it intended to destroy important American fleet units, thereby preventing the Pacific...
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