Folic acid is a type of B vitamin that's key for cell growth and metabolism. Studies show that many people in the U.S. don't get enough folic acid.Don't be confused by the different terms folate and folic acid. They have the same effects. Folate is the natural substance in whole foods. Folic acid is the synthetic version in supplements and fortified products. Phenylethylamine, or PEA, is a neuromodulator, which is responsible for the transmission of norepinephrine and dopamine. This chemical is abundantly available in chocolate, and is also a mood enhancer.PEA is also known as the aove drug, and is the primary reason why chocolate is considered an aphrodisiac. This is a much more efficient way to experience the mood enhancing properties of chocolate without the fat and extra calories. Besides enhancing mood, phenylethylamine also elevates mental alertness because it releases acetylcholine, which supports memory and cognitive skills, such as concentration. Sustained-release methylxanthine medicines are used to control inflammation in the airways in the lungs (bronchial tubes). Short-acting methylxanthine medicines are used to control narrowing of the bronchial tubes. This may decrease asthma symptoms. Hordenine, or N,N-dimethyltyramine, is an alkaloid of the phenethylamine class that occurs naturally in a variety of plants, taking its name from one of the commonest, barley (Hordeum species). Chemically, hordenine is the N-methyl derivative of N-methyltyramine, and the N,N-dimethyl derivative of the well-known biogenic amine tyramine, from which it is biosynthetically derived and with which it shares some pharmacological properties (see below). Currently, hordenine is widely sold as an ingredient of nutritional supplements, with the claims that it is a stimulant of the central nervous system, and has the ability to promote weight loss by enhancing metabolism. In experimental animals, given sufficiently large doses parenterally (i.e. by injection),...
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