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Atonement - Paper 1

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  • December 18, 2006
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Table of Contents

I.Introduction3
II.Meaning of Atonement3
III.Atonement in the Old Testament
A.Sacrifice 4
B.Day of Atonement4-5
C.Covenant and Israel6
IV.Christ and Atonement
A.Christ's Deity 6-7
B.Substitution7
C.John the Baptist8
D.Nature of Christ's Death8
V. Conclusion9
VI. Works Cited10-11

I. Introduction
How do we know we are not going to hell? How do we know we are going to heaven? How do we know that Christ dies for us? How do we know that Christ's death saved us from our sins? What is atonement? How do we know Christ is God? How does the Old Testament apply to all this? Hopefully all of these questions will be answered by the end of this paper. II. The meaning of Atonement

One single or all encompassing definition of atonement is difficult or almost impossible to find. John Champion author of the Living Atonement out it this way, "How far it dips down or reaches up, the definition does not stay. Truths thus penned up have a strange fashion of dropping out of sight into the earth or of disappearing into air" (163). This obviously creates a complicated situation when defining atonement. The origin of the word atonement is Anglo-Saxon and was also used in Shakespearean literature in this text the word meant to reconcile (Culpepper 12). Another popular definition is to make amends for an offense or reparation. Culpepper, in Interpreting the Atonement, asserts "In its theological usage, however, the term atonement has acquired another meaning, that is, the means by which reconciliation between God and man is achieved, the cost of reconciliation to God" (12). III. Atonement in the Old Testament

A. Sacrifice
Sacrifice in the Old Testament is much different than it is today. Today if one was to sacrifice something it would involve giving some sort of luxury or daily comfort (Morris 43). In Old Testament times, it was much different, usually involving an...