Atoms for Peace Analysis

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Dwight D Eisenhower, the 34th President of the United States from 1953-1960, is revered as a statesman and great military leader. Born in Texas in 1890 and raised in Kansas to a family that valued education, Eisenhower began a long career as a leader and military officer upon his graduation in 1915 from West Point. Eisenhower is recognized for his leadership and oratorical skills which he applied to both military endeavors and managing the nation. He was fortunate to be mentored by General Fox Conner, in the Panama Canal Zone. Conner encouraged him to study important works of history, military science, and philosophy which Eisenhower applied to his own efforts and experiences. Eisenhower later moved up the military ranks to five star General of the Army, Military Governor, US Occupied Zone, and Chief of Staff, US Army, earning respect nationally and internationally with the end of World War II. In 1927 Eisenhower wrote for the American Battle Monuments Commission in Washington and Paris, and gained valuable exposure to European geography and culture, information he would apply throughout his career. Oratory continued to play a significant role in his life when he served as a chief military aide to Douglas MacArthur, U.S. Army Chief of Staff in 1933, where his duties included writing speeches and policy papers. This opportunity provided Eisenhower with invaluable experience which he employed and perfected during his own presidency. Among his career experiences, Eisenhower served as President of Columbia University. As President of the United States, Eisenhower wrote many of his own speeches in which he was known to edit, rewrite and personalize the text through multiple drafts. Recognized as a powerful orator, Eisenhower used an informal style of speech to persuade, inspire and motivate the people. He had incredible control over diction and his speeches were considered informative. The eight years between the explosion of the first atomic bomb in 1945 and Dwight D. Eisenhower’s speech in 1953 were filled with atomic research. Bombs were made “twenty-five times as powerful as the weapons with which the atomic age dawned.” Test explosions were frequent as the realization dawned on Americans that the atomic age was becoming much more serious. Any atomic explosion that could happen was bound to be devastating and possibly cataclysmic. The problem continued to grow, and resulted various meetings with France and Great Britain about this new atomic world. He was called upon to give a speech to the General Assembly of the United Nations about the world’s problems. His proposition was to use “atomic materials” for peaceful purposes; each country would contribute uranium and fissionable supplies to the International Atomic Energy Agency, who would store the materials and use them for medicine, agriculture, and to give power to poverty-stricken countries. The use of speech and rhetoric allow Eisenhower to reach his audience better because his voice and diction employ pathos, which is better able to come across in a speech as opposed to a written piece. Speech also allows him to reach his audience of the United Nations and the American people more successfully. Eisenhower’s proposal was broadly accepted and embraced by the 3500-member General Assembly, which included members from various countries, including Afghanistan, Chile, Ecuador, Iceland, Indonesia, Paraguay, Peru, the Soviet Union, Sweden, and the United States. Most members were knowledgeable about the use of atomic materials; countries such as the Soviet Union and the United States had previously used these types of resources. The Soviet Union was perhaps the most attached to atomic weapons, as it had been working very hard to develop new nuclear “devices, including at least one involving thermo-nuclear reactions.” Therefore, it wasn’t open to banking its uranium, and though Eisenhower’s proposal was accepted at the time, it was never acted upon. The only part...
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