Was the Atomic Bombing Justified?
The Atomic Bomb made a very serious statement at a time when the world was in disarray (“Manhattan”). World War II was one of the most destructive times in history causing over 50 million deaths and leaving behind mental and physical casualties of war. (“World War II”) It started in September, 1939 when Germany invaded Poland and continued on a destructive path through Europe. Britain and France declared war on Germany. Two years prior in 1937, the Sino Japanese War was in full swing. Japan wanted to dominate China from a political and military standpoint and benefit from China’s many assets (“Sino”). United States, Britain and France aided China with financial aid through war supply contracts, which aggravated Japan to no end. In addition, the United States stood as a firm roadblock to Japan’s grander plans by stopping shipment of aircraft gasoline airplanes and airplane parts. Since the war there have been numerous debates whether the use of the Atomic Bombs was justified. Well, it certainly was justified. The United States and Japan were at war for several years, along with many other countries. The Pearl Harbor bombing was unforgivable, sneaky, and claimed too many lives. It clearly conveyed that Japan would go to any extreme in an effort to gain power and control. Making the decision to move forward and bomb Japan is extremely hard to imagine, but it was the best solution and quickest answer to ending the war quickly, thus, saving further loss of lives. Was it the right thing to do? If Japan’s invasion continued, Winston Churchill predicted that over one million Americans and British would have died. “We estimated that if we should be forced to carry this plan to its conclusion, the major fighting would not end until the latter part of 1946, at the earliest. I was informed that such operations might be expected to cost over a million casualties to American forces alone” (“Carroll, Doc. 11”). On December 7, 1941, The Japanese military launched a surprise military strike on America’s naval base at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii (“NavSource”). It was a brutal onslaught that came in waves of attack from 353 Japanese fighters, bombers and torpedo airplanes. Japan’s attack was to prevent the United States from interfering with their invasion of Southeast Asia by destroying important American fleet units. Furthermore, (“?”) it would provide Japan time to build and strengthen their naval presence. Japan’s failure to declare war before the bombing was both deceiving and dishonorable. “The leader of an army must, before the bombing, warn the leaders from the other countries” (“Carroll: Doc 1, Art. 26”). From 1944 to the early part of 1945, the struggle to go on fighting through the Pacific carried on (“Pacific War”). Other major battles were involved in Okinawa and Iwo Jima. In the late spring of 1945, Japan’s defeat was released while allied forces sealed in on the home islands of Japan. Massive bombing campaigns initiated against the general cities of Japan such as, Tokyo. These bombing campaigns endured on until August of 1945 (“Strategic bombing”). As early as 1939 the United States pioneered a research and development program with participation from Britain and Canada to build the first Atomic Bomb. The project’s code name was The Manhattan Project. The “Top Secret” project was a huge undertaking employing some of the greatest minds and over 130,000 people. The estimated costs were over 2 billion dollars. Most of the budget was allocated to building factories and producing materials. The Manhattan Project housed operation sites and factories from Washington D.C. on the East coast to Berkeley on the West coast and from Richland up North to Los Alamos down South (“Dowling”). The mastermind who managed the project from beginning to end was Dr. Robert Oppenheimer. He was born on April 22nd in New York. Dr. Robert Oppenheimer excelled during his studies at Harvard, particularly in Chemistry....
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