Atomic Bomb

Topics: Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Nuclear weapon, World War II Pages: 9 (1589 words) Published: August 28, 2010
Research Paper
In August 6 1945, an important decision made by President Harry Truman, launched an atomic

bomb at Hiroshima and three days later Nagasaki, Japan. It forced the Japanese to unconditionally

surrender, and changed the world entirely. Although it ended a seven-year long World War II, it also

nearly destroyed two major cities in Japan, killed hundreds of thousands of civilians, and triggered

discontent around the world. President Truman could have used better ways to finish the war; his

decision in dropping the atomic bombs was not justified because of the moral issues, massive effects

and international issues

President Truman’s decision on dropped the bomb against some moral issues. The Japanese

were losing, and they were seeking an opportunity to surrender. If America agreed to keep the

Japanese emperor, they would have surrendered, and the problem that Allied insistence on

unconditioned surrender, also the civilians died during the bomb. The atomic bomb had been

unnecessary to the winning of the war. As General Eisenhower said “…the Japanese were ready to

surrender and it wasn’t necessary to hit them with that awful thing.” (Eisenhower) Before the atomic

bomb, Japan was already surrounded by allied forces. With the strategic fire- bombing of sixty-seven

Japanese cities, they were badly damaged, and most Japanese expected their Emperor to surrender in

any moment. Though some Japanese still wanted to fight to the death, there was widespread concern

about the civilians and what additional damage could cost them. If America gave them a little more

time they would have surrendered anyways. The Japanese believed their Emperor to be a God, if

America made an agreement beforehand and allowing the Japanese to keep their Emperor, like the

British keep their King, they would have surrendered already. “On May 28, 1945, Hoover visited

President Truman and suggested a way to end the Pacific war quickly: "I am convinced that if you, as

President, will make a shortwave broadcast to the people of Japan – tell them they can have their

Emperor if they surrender, that it will not mean unconditional surrender except for the militarists –

you'll get a peace in Japan - you'll have both wars over." (Smith 347) One of the reasons that

Japanese military fought so hard and refused to surrender was because they feared the imminent

destruction of the Emperor. If America and Japan all moved back one step, and America agreed the

Japanese could keep the emperor system, and Japanese surrendered, no atomic bombs would have

been necessary. As it turned out Japan was allowed to retain their Emperor anyway. Thousands of

innocent civilians were killed by bomb, especially women, and kids. As Admiral Leahy said “I was

not taught to make war in that fashion, and wars cannot be won by destroying women and children”

(Leahy 441). Traditional wars that fought between two nations, because conflicts on the foreign

policy, involved sending their soldiers to fight for or defend their homeland, Instead of attacking

Japanese armies, America attacked their homeland, where schools, hospitals and farms were built,

and where no one had any chance to defend themselves. These bombings can almost represent

genocide. The Japanese were seeking ways to surrender, emperor agreement and the killing of

civilians was the moral issue that argued against Truman dropping the atomic bomb in Japan.

The decision by President Truman to bomb Hiroshima and Nagasaki cost massive after effects,

physically mentally and economically. The bomb at Hiroshima on 8/ 6/ 1945, kills approximately

30% of its population instantly. 50000 Japanese died in Nagasaki three days after. “In less than one

second, the fireball had expanded to 900 feet. The blast wave shattered windows for a distance of ten

miles and was felt as far away as 37...
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