Athens vs Han China Dbq

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10/17/12
DBQ Athens vs Han China

In the 5th century BCE Sparta and Athens constantly battled for 27 years for the number one spot in Greece. Despite being at war for such a long time, Athens made their culture most memorable in our world's history. Athens, located in Attica was rather small surprisingly, smaller then Rhode Island. Athens was known for it's talent; like we know today, Pericles, Plato, Socrates and more. While Athens Greece was prospering, China was suffering. During this period, Confucius lived and taught. His teachings had a rather big influence on Han China and China's Golden Age. Chinese achievements rivaled the achievements of the Athenians. In spite of Han China and Athens Greece, they were two major empires that both ruled around the same time frame. They had differences such as population, government, and religion/culture.

One of the differences Athens and Han China shared were there forms of government. Document 4 shares the characteristic of government with documents 5, 6 &7. In “the oration of Pericles”(4) “Our form of government is called a democracy because it's administration is in the hands of the peoples” while “Mandate of Heaven” (6) In this document Mencius tells the story of Yao and Shun. The Mandate of Heaven is China's belief that emperors where chose by Heaven. In the document Wan Chang asked “in that case who gave the Empire to Shun?” and Mencius said, “ Heaven gave it to him.” Wang Chang believed that Heaven gave Shun the Empire. He had that point of view because of what Mencius had told him about the Mandate of Heaven. In “Government in Athens” (5) It discusses how the Athenian Golden Age was inspired by the development of democracy by the Athenians. “In the most precise and literal sense Athenians governed themselves” there wasn't a King or an almighty ruler. “ Generals were elected from the Assembly and served for a year's term” On the contrary, “A remarkably Successful Kind of Government”(7) discusses how the...
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