Astronomy and Astrology in Islam
Dr. aziz ur rehman saifee
Aamir Aijaz memon
All praises and thanks are for Almighty ALLAH who is the source of all knowledge and wisdom endowed to mankind and to the humanity as a whole. And a great thanks to our coordinator and instructor, Dr. Aziz-ur-Rehman Saifee. The encouragement and assistance of our parents and friends are gratefully acknowledged.
Table of Contents
Moulana Shihabuddin Nadvi
Astrology vs. Astronomy by Sheikh Muhammed Salih Al-Munajjid
Importance of This Research
Astronomy and Astrology
In the Light of Quran and Hadith
Modern Types of Astrology
Love Meters and Death Predictions
Astronomy is the study of the movement of celestial bodies like sun, moon, stars in order to understand the pattern of day and night, years months etc. while, the Astrology is the study of unseen, means it helps in prediction of the future with the help of the positions of stars. Though before 18th century both of the disciplines were studied under the astrology, namely Ilm Al-Nujoom, but later on researches separated both of the studies. In Islam the study of Astronomy is permitted, while the knowledge of astrology is Haram, and one who follow or believe on astrology involves in shirk unintentionally. Al-Bukhaari said in his Saheeh: Qutaadah said: “Allaah created these stars for three purposes: to adorn the heavens, to stone the devils and as signs by which to navigate. Whoever seeks anything else in them is mistaken and does not benefit from them, and he is wasting his time and effort in seeking something of which he has no knowledge.” (Saheeh al-Bukhaari, Baab fi’l-Nujoom, 2/240) ‘The Salaah (daily prayer) of whoever approaches a fortuneteller and asks him about anything will not be accepted for forty days and nights.’ [Saheeh Muslim vol.4,p. 1211, no 5440] Literature Review
Following persons has worked earlier on the topic of Astronomy and Astrology in Islam: Moulana Shihabuddin Nadvi
Moulana Shihabuddin Nadvi has described in detail the topic of astrology and astronomy within the topic “Sighting of Moon : Reliability of Astronomical Calculations in the Light of Holy Qur'an and Hadith- I”. In which, he has differentiated the Astronomy and Astronomy with a clear cut definitions; but, in the past both terms were used under a single study of Astrology known as Ilm Al-Nujoom (science of stars), though some scholars of that same time differentiated between Astronomy and Astrology by dividing Ilm Al-Nujoom in Sinaat Al-Nujoom and Ahkam An-Nujoom. He declared the Astrology as Haram in his article, while Farz Al-Kifayah (An obligation on a large part of Muslim community, if small number of Muslims out of large performs that then no one would be blameworthy. If no one performs it then a collective punishment would be given.). He proved his point of view with the following verses of Quran Karim: He makes the night for rest and tranquillity, And the sun and moon for the reckoning (of time). Such is the judgment and ordering of (Him), the Exalted in Power, the Omniscient. (Qur'an, 6:96) The Sun and the Moon follow courses (exactly) computed. (Qur'an, 55:5) "And the Moon. We have measured for her mansions (to traverse) till she returns like the old (and withered) lower part of a date-stalk". (Qur'an, 36:39) "It is He who made the sun to be a shining glory and the moon to be a light (of beauty), and measured out stages for her; that ye might know the number of years and the count (of time). No wise did God create this but in truth and righteousness. (Thus) doth He explain His Signs in detail, for those who understand." (Qur'an, 10:5) "They ask thee concerning the New Moons. Say: They are but signs...
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