Asthma Intrinsic Asthma

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HOW PEOPLE MANAGE ASTHMA

AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

Defining asthma and explain types of asthma
Identify common symptoms of asthma and environmental factors that triggers asthma Define qualitative and quantitative methodologies
Distinguish the differences between qualitative and quantitative research approaches Identify methods that suit the methodology
Look at the advantages and limitations of methods in the study Ethics of my study

Definition of Asthma

Asthma is a condition that causes occasional tightening of the air passages, which makes it difficult breathing air in and out of the lungs (Mark, 2006)

Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airway in which many cells play a role, in particular mast cells, eosinophils, and T-lymphocytes. This inflammation causes recurrent episodes of wheezing, breathlessness, chest tightness and cough particularly in the morning. (International Consensus report on the diagnosis and management of asthma, 1992)

Types of asthma
Intrinsic asthma

Extrinsic asthma

Occupational asthma

(Mark, 2006,Rowlands et al 1999)
TRIGGERS AND FACTORS THAT CONTRIBUTE IN THE DEVELOPMENT OF ASTHMA Upper respiratory tract viral infections e.g. colds
Environmental triggers e.g. smoking, traffic fumes
Occupational triggers e.g. flour, solder, latex
Emotional reactions e.g. stress, laughter, excitement
Allergic triggers e.g. animal fur or hair, esp. cats and dogs, grass and tree pollens Genetic factors
Allergic reaction e.g. house dust mite, mould spores
Allergic rhinitis e.g. hay fever
Exercise can bring out symptom of breathlessness
Food allergy e.g. peanuts, and eggs

Management and treatments of asthma
Management
Action plan
Take all medication as the doctor prescribed
Keep rescue medicine on hand at all times
Avoid triggers, such as allergens

Treatments

Reliever (bronchodilators)

Preventer

Emergency drugs

WHAT IS QUALITATIVE RESEARCH?
Qualitative research is a research based on methods of analysis and explanation building which involve understanding of complexity, detail and context, (Mason,1996). WHAT IS QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH?

Quantitative research is a genre which uses a special language similar to the ways in which scientists talk about how they investigate the natural order variables, control, measurement and experiment (Bryman 1988: 12). DIFFERENCES BETWEEN QUALITATIVE AND QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH

Qualitative research
Theory
As an end point to be developed

Case selection
Purposive sampling according to the theoretical

Data collection
Open questions

Analysis of data
In a statistical sense to the population
Quantitative research
Theory
As a starting point to be tested

Case selection
Oriented on statistical, representatively, random sampling

Data collection
Standardized questions

Analysis of data
Standardized in a theorised sense
CHOSEN/NOT CHOSEN METHODOLOGIES
Qualitative research
Detailed and exact analyses

Quantitative research
Aspects not necessarily relevant
METHODS
QUESTIONNAIRES
Is printed form of questions by a researcher, which is given potential responders to answer, (Hucker, 2002)

INTERVIEWS
Involves one to one interactions, larger group interviews or focus groups and may take place face to face or even he telephone or internet (Mason, 2002) There are three types of interviews, Structured, semi-structured and unstructured interviews

Questionnaires
Interviews
UNSTRUCTURED QUESTIONNAIRES
Open Questions
Do not come with answers defined in advance
they give respondents a greater freedom to answer the questions because they answer in a way that suits their interpretation Post Coding
Coding is the process of...
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