Asterisk Config

Topics: Telephone, Sound, Telephony signals Pages: 5 (1253 words) Published: February 20, 2012
Asterisk config indications.conf
Tone Indications Configuration: indications.conf
The Playtones command can generate tones to indicate busy, ringing, congestion, dialtone, and similar. The indications.conf file defines the exact specifications of these tones. The sample indications.conf file installed with Asterisk has tone definitions for a variety of countries. You may use one of those, or edit the file with your own custom tones.

Note that the tone indications played to handsets connected to the Zap channel are NOT generated WITHIN Asterisk, but from the configurations of the Zaptel driver. You can configure the country in the zaptel driver's configuration file, zaptel.conf. To change the frequencies, you have to edit he source code in zonedata.c.

Tones played through other channels (SIP, IAX) are affected by indications.conf only if the tones are actually generated by Asterisk; for instance during the ringing interval of a SIP call, you may get ringback tone generated by your SIP phone or ATA, while if you had Asterisk dialtone due to using the DISA command you would get call progress tones generated by Asterisk.

In short, the settings in indications.conf affect only the tones generated by the Playtones command. File Format of indications.conf
There is only one variable you can set in the [general] section: country. Possible values are any of the two-letter country codes defined in the remainder of this file. The setting of country determines which tone set is used by the Playtones command. There seems to be no Asterisk Command available to select a country setting from within the execution of a context's extension. Note that the SetLanguage command does not affect the country setting; country is different from language.

Tone Definitions
You can probably just set the country code and ignore the rest of this configuration file. You need to proceed only if you wish to customize the indication tones used by the Playback command.

The rest of the indications.conf file is taken up by the definition of tone sets. Each tone set definition is in this format:

   description = description
   alias = aliases
   ringcadence = ringcadences
   dial = tonelist
   busy = tonelist
   ring = tonelist
   congestion = tonelist
   callwaiting = tonelist
   dialrecall = tonelist
   record = tonelist
   info = tonelist
   name = tonelist
* xx is the two-letter country code used to name this tone set * description should be the full name of the country, in English * aliases, if defined, is a list of additional 2-letter country codes which also use this same set of tones * ringcadences is a comma-separated list of the durations the physical bell rings and pauses. There should be one or more pairs of durations listed; the first number in each pair is the ring time, and the second number is the pause time. "400,200" indicates to ring for 400 ms, then pause for 200 ms. "400,200,400,2000" indicates to ring for 400 ms, pause 200 ms, ring for 400 ms, pause for 2000 ms, and then the cycle is repeated as long as necessary. (:exclaim:) There must be no spaces in the this list of ring and pause durations. * tonelist defines a sound sequence to be played. It is a comma-separated list of one or more sounds to play. The definition of a sound is a little complex:    [!]frequency1[+frequency2][*modulation][/duration]

* Starting the sound definiton with an exclamation mark indicates that this sound should be played only once and omitted for the second and successive repeats of this sound sequence. If all the sounds in tonelist are so marked, then this tonelist has a fixed playing time. All other tonelists will repeat indefinitely. * frequency1: The frequency, in Hz, of the sound to play. * frequency2: You may optionally specify a second frequency to play simultaneously with the first. For example, "350+440" plays...
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