Aster Minds - Quality Education Beyond Your Imagination

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Definition: Budget is a financial and /or quantitative statement, prepared and approved prior to a defined Period of time of the policy to be pursued during that period for the purpose of attaining a given objective. It may include income, expenditure and employment of capital.

1.  2.  3.  4.  Financial and/or Quantitative Statement.  Futuristic ­ prepared and approved prior to a defined period of time.  Goal Oriented ­ for the purpose of attaining a given objective.  Components ­ Income, Expenditure and Employment of Capital.

2. WHAT ARE THE OBJECTIVES OF BUDGETING/PERFORMANCE BUDGETING? The objectives of Budgeting are­ 1. To encourage self­study in all aspects of a Company's operations. 2. To get all members of management to “put their heads” to the basic question of how the business should be run, to make them of a co­ordinated team operating in unison towards clearly defined objectives. 3. To promote the planning process and provide a sense of direction to every member of the organization. 4. To force a definition and crystallization of Company policies and aims. 5. To increase the effectiveness with which people and capital are employed. 6. To disclose areas of potential improvement in the Company’s operations. 7. To stimulate study of relationship of the Company to its external economic environment for improving the effectiveness of its direction. 8. To direct and co­ordinate business activities and units to achieve stated targets of performance. 9. To facilitate the control process, by comparing actual results with plan, and provide feedback to the employees about their performance. 3. DEFINE THE TERM BUDGETARY CONTROL. WHAT ARE ITS SALIENT FEATURES? 1. Definition: Budgetary Control is defined as "the establishment of budgets, relating the responsibilities of executives to the requirements of a policy, and the continuous comparison of actual with budgeted results either to secure by individual action the objective of that policy or to provide a base for its revision. 2. Salient features: a. Objectives: Determining the objectives to be achieved, over the budget period, and the policy (ies) that might be adopted for the achievement of these ends. b. Activities: Determining the variety of activities that should be undertaken for achievement of the objectives. c. Plans: Drawing up a plan or a scheme of operation in respect of each class of activity, in physical a well as monetary terms for the full budget period and its parts. d. Performance Evaluation: Laying out a system of comparison of actual performance by each person section or department with the relevant budget and determination of causes for the discrepancies, if any. e. Control Action: Ensuring that when the plans are not achieved, corrective action are taken; and when corrective actions are not possible, ensuring that the plans are revised and objective achieved

Budgetary Control_____________________________________________8.1

4. WHAT ARE THE OBJECTIVES OF BUDGETARY CONTROL SYSTEM? The objectives of a Budgetary Control System are ­ 1. Definition of Goals: Portraying with precision, the overall aims of the business and determining targets of performance for each section or department of the business. 2. Defining Responsibilities: Laying down the responsibilities of each individual so that everyone knows what is expected of him and how he will be judged. 3. Basis for Performance Evaluation: Providing basis for the comparison of actual performance with the predetermined targets and investigation of deviation, if any, of actual performance and expenses from the budgeted figures. It helps to take timely corrective measures. 4. Optimum use of Resources: Ensuring the best use of all available resources to maximize profit or production, subject to the limiting factors. 5....
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