Assumptions and Fallacies

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August 3, 2012
HUM/111
Amy Bales

* What are assumptions? How do you think assumptions interfere with critical thinking? What might you do to avoid making assumptions in your thinking?

Assumptions are beliefs or idea of something with no proof of evidence. Assumptions interfere with our critical thinking because we aren’t utilizing our skills to our best knowledge. It hinders individuals to think critical because we have that perpetual block that stops us from looking at every angle of the issue or situation. In order to avoid using assumptions we need to examine all evidence to make our argument valid. Also we need to be more open minded to different situations and solutions instead of just assuming the outcome or reason. Furthermore, we need to stop assuming and start asking the right questions and by doing so we can think critically without our bias ideas or opinions in a situation.

* What are fallacies? How are fallacies used in written, oral, and visual arguments? What might you do to avoid fallacies in your thinking?

Fallacies are defined as a mistaken belief and based on an illogical argument. Fallacies are used in many things such as what we see or hear. Fallacies are glorified fabrications of the truth. They are used in writing to get the reader focused on the topic without using logic. They are used in writing, oral, and visual arguments to sway individuals to their point of view. Fallacies are very improper argumentation that happens inside reasoning that ends with a misconception or a presumption. I know for me there are several things that I can do to avoid fallacies in my thinking. First thing I could do, would to identify what properties are the most important to the point I’m trying to make. I would compare and see if the two are reasonable and search out all the points of view before choosing.

(2012), Dictionary.com, LLC. Copyright. Retrieved on August 3, 2012 from http://www.dictionary.reference.com.
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