Assumption and Fallacies

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Assumption and Fallacies
Earlie Ames
Critical and Creative Thinking
Aug 12, 2012
Travis Zimmerman

Assumption and Fallacies
What is assumption?

According to definition, assumption "mean a supposition on the current situation or a presupposition on the future course of events, either or both assumed to be true in the absence of positive proof, necessary to enable the commander in the process of planning to complete an estimate of the situation and make a decision on the course of action”. Assumptions are made every day of our lives. Generally assumptions are more harmless when we make them in situations with family members and friends because re pore and relationships have been gained. Assumptions made about people or things we aren't familiar with will come off as being stereotypical and bias. The Business Dictionary defines assumptions as” Accepted cause and effect relationships, or estimates of the existence of a fact from the known existence of other fact(s). Although useful in providing basis for action and in creating "what if" scenarios to simulate different realities or possible situations, assumptions are dangerous when accepted as reality without thorough examination.

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How do you think assumptions might interfere with critical thinking?

It is my belief that our assumptions will override our thinking by not allowing our minds to think based on facts. Assumptions can interfere with critical thinking when assumptions are made based on personal experiences and thoughts instead of facts. Assumptions can also interfere with critical thinking because facts are not given about a matter. Without the facts we make our decisions by assuming. For example: Just because a car dealer says that the car is a very good car that does not mean that the car will never have mechanics problem. We would definitely utilize critical thinking in this situation and would ask...
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