Associate Degree of Nursing versus Bachelor of Science in Nursing Crystal A. Kingcade
Grand Canyon University
Professional Dynamics NRS430V
September 13, 2009
Associate Degree of Nursing versus Bachelor of Science in Nursing
As health care trends advances nurses have decided to advance there level of education. As nurse’s advances their level of education it improves quality of care and safety of the patient. The purpose of this paper is to differentiate the competencies level between an associate degree nurse and a baccalaureate degree nurse. Competencies are defined as effective demonstration, by the time of graduation, of knowledge, judgment, skills and professional values derived from the nursing and general education content (Texas Board of Nursing, 2002). Nurses are classified by their level of education they receive while attending college. An associate degree of nursing (ADN) allows a person to afford quality education in two years that reflects the community and health care trends. It provides a dynamic pathway for entry into the registered nursing (RN) practice act. These nurses are skilled to function in different health care settings by utilizing their knowledge of the nursing practice. Nurses that obtain a bachelor’s of science in nursing (BSN) must attend college for four years. These nurses are more skilled in critical thinking, leadership, and health promotion of patients. Baccalaureate nursing education is intended to result in a deeper understanding of the cultural, political, economic, and social issues that affect patients and influence health care delivery (ANA, 2009). An associate degree in nursing is a two year program geared towards technical skills to become an entry level Registered Nurse (RN). This degree is awarded by an accredited technical or community college. An associate in nursing degree will prepare the nurse in the techniques and procedures required for promoting health, providing care for sick and disabled as well as provide knowledge regarding administration of medication and treatments. Upon completion of this degree the nurse will be able to provide care, manage care as well as be a member of the nursing profession (Aleksic, 2009). This degree is geared towards the technical competencies skills in the nursing practice. Nurses that obtain their associate degree are more focus on the technical skills they receive through the clinical process of the nursing program. Clinical experience is used to test the student nurse’s competencies level and gain experience. The clinical experience is completed in the community hospitals located near by the community college. However, the associate degree nurse lacks the knowledge of theory in the nursing practice. The bachelor’s of science degree in nursing is a four year program that is geared towards a more advance level of nursing. However, the bachelor’s of science program can be completed in one year through the RN to BSN program offered by a college to a registered nurse (RN) wanting to advance their level of education. Each program focuses more on the theory of nursing, advanced critical thinking, and professionalism as a nurse. Theories are derived from the humanities, sciences, and Biblical concepts (Grand Canyon University, 2008). The theories of nursing are used to provide comprehensive care and act as principles of nursing to the health care system. The bachelor’s of science nurse is apart of an interdisciplinary team with an advanced level of education. They focus more on the theories of nursing to provide quality patient care. The nurse is able to use advance critical thinking along with the theories to serve as the patients advocate. In order to improve quality patient care an advance level of education is needed to aide in a higher survival advantage. If a 78 year old female client is admitted to a wound care center, with a stage 3 sacral decubitus ulcer with a history of diabetes and...
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