Assisted reproductive technology
Assisted Reproductive technology (Art) is a technology used to make babies in artificial way. This technology gave hope to a lot of people all over the world to have children. Statistics show that almost Three million infants have been delivered using Assisted Reproductive Technology in the last 30 years, all over the world. This procedure enables couples to achieve pregnancy, for example women or men who are infertile; also singles that want have babies, and gays and lesbian. Basically the (Art) process of intercourse is done by insemination (Like, artificial insemination) or fertilization, and this procedure is done by taking the Oocyte and fertilizing it in the laboratory (For example, in vitro fertilization). People using (ART) can create a family who is genetically related. Today technology makes life easier and creates a hopeful possibility. Although, this technology has changed the way we view reproduction, we have to be concerned about health issues, ethics, and law (Geneticsandsocitey, Galpern 2007) In the United States in 1995 there were 1.2 million women, which 2 percent of 60.2 million of women who had infertility medical problems. There were several causes for this medical problem, the main one was a blockage in the fallopian tubes; another cause id pelvic adhesions which cause pain during the intercourse and is a symptomatic of infertility, also endometriosis were the endometrial tissue is found outside the uterus, furthermore ovulation is another cause where the ovary of the women doesn’t produce a mature egg (Nejm. Rebar and DeCherney 2004). Just 15 percent of these women had infertility services in their lives. The procedures in the United States had doubled in the last 10 years. In 2006 there were 138,198 cycles with a result of 41,343 live births and 54,656 infants. In 2010 the European lead the world in (ART). During The 26 Annual meeting, the European society of Human Reproduction and Embryology, reported that there were “479,288 treatment cycles in 32 European countries in 2007, and 142,435 cycles from the US and 56,817 Cycles From Australia and New Zealand. The number of cycles performed in many developed countries has grown by 5-10% per annum over the last 5 years”(phsyorg. Europe leads the world in assisted-reproduction technology 2010).
Infertility is a problem that must be considered. Infertility is health issue in the reproductive system. This medical disorder enables couples to have children after at least one year of unprotected sex. Statics show that many couples suffer from this medical problem; almost 10% of women at the age population (15-44) years who tried to have babies and experienced infertility. Age can be a big impact on infertility; Studies show the infertility is increased with age, because age can be cause of releasing eggs, the number of eggs decrease, also not healthy. Infertility can be both couple problem, this disorder is not just a women’s problem. Talking about female infertility, the general causes can be issues with the women’s ovulation. Different things can cause ovulation problem, generally a hormone called polycystic ovarian syndrome can cause it. This hormone prevents ovulation from acting normally. Another cause that can interfere ovulation is the primary ovarian insufficiency, this disease happens when a women reaches 40 or less, and her ovaries stops working. Aspects that increase a woman’s risk to face infertility, on of them is smoking; Smokers are more likely to be infertile than non-smokers. In addition sexual transmitted diseases can lead to infertility; (for example pelvic inflammatory disease) this diseases infects the uterus. As the studies say that infertility is not a woman’s problem it’s also a man’s problem. Male can also experience infertility, the main cause is disorder called Varicocele. This disease accurse in the male testicles when the veins are large, it increases the temperature of the...
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