Grand Canyon University
December 19, 2010
Abstract: In this paper I will discuss the ethical issues surrounding surrogacy, egg donation, and discuss exploitations of women who choose to become a surrogate mother. In addition to these moral issues I will also explore the ethics and morals of IVF and the implantation of multiple eggs to one subject that may result in multiple births. In the occurrence of multiple births the subject is faced with the decision of selective abortion or the choice to give birth to all the fetuses with the risk of severe premature infants. With the birth of premature infants there are additional ethical decision involved in the treatment of those infants that may be afflicted with mental defects and a multitude of medical challenges.
Surrogacy is the process in which a baby is created in a petri dish from the sperm of a man and the eggs of a woman; the resulting embryo is than transferred into a host or surrogate in order to gestate. The surrogate simply carries the baby to term for couples who are unable to carry their own child. They are helping regular people become parents. Ethics involved in surrogacy are the views of some that believe those that are unable to conceive or carry a fetus should adopt. Also some believe that those who choose to be surrogates may be exploited. The truth is that adoption is a very rigorous process with lengthy applications and waiting lists. The requirements in most cases take age of the adopting parents into consideration and they must interview with a social worker. In many cases once the adoptive parents have jumped through hoops, and attended the Doctor appointments, paying for medical expenses, decorated the nursery face disappointment because the birth mother has decided to keep the child. I believe more people would adopt if the rules were more accommodating for couples who wish to become parents and those children waiting to be adopted in foster homes and group homes (Ethics of Surrogacy).Although surrogacy is not as heavily regulated as adoption it is far easier for couple to use surrogacy to complete their family. I don’t believe that surrogates are exploited because this would imply that only the rich are participating in surrogacy births when in actuality it is the middle classes that choose this process of conceiving a child, they use any financial means necessary even if it means taking out a second mortgage on their home. They are educated people and have steady employment usually as school teachers, military personnel or social workers. They are much like the population of people that choose to be surrogates (Arguments against Surrogacy). Surrogates are compensated but the money gained by surrogates is often used to put a down payment on a house, or pay for their adult child’s college education or their own. They may choose to be a surrogate in order to remain at home with their own young children rather than to work outside of the home. In fact one of the requirements for someone to become a surrogate is they must have children of their own. Other qualifications of a surrogate are she must be at least 21 years of age in order to be able to enter into a legal binding contract. They are provided with their own attorney to go over the contract with them and they undergo a physiological test to be certain they have the correct mindset to be able to carry a child for someone else. These women are not being taken advantage of; in fact they are generous women by nature who are willing to give the ultimate gift.
Egg donation and IVF also raise many ethical issues. In the process of IVF the woman’s body is stimulated to produce many eggs that can be fused with her partner’s sperm to create useable embryos for implantation. Some women are unable to produce their own eggs therefore must seek the eggs of others. Due to these circumstances the demand for egg donation is high. Women are donating...