Assignment Tma04

Topics: Chamber music, Symphony, Violin Pages: 5 (986 words) Published: July 6, 2012
Essay Plan

Option 2: Tradition and Dissent in Music: Dmitri Shostakovich.

Introduce topic

• Music of Shostakovich.

• What is a string quartet?

• Where are string quartet’s usually played?


• Shostakovich and Russia

Shostakovich’s progress

• Start about his progression in traditional music – use sonata no.2 as this is the best example.

• Explain the three sections it is split into: exposition, expansion and recapitulation.

• Progress into what these three stages are. (Richards 2008)

The voices of the pieces and deviation from the tradition of string quartets.

• Dominant voice of the pieces i.e. violin

• Refer back to classical string quartets and how they work with one another

• Quartet no.3 is an example of the dissent from traditional quartets

• Each instrument is balanced equally and takes the melody. (Richards, 2008)

Scherzo, scherzi and 3 time

• Generally the third movement of a string quartet is either a scherzo or a minuet and trio.

• Explanation of traditional third movements : gentler section and 3 time.

• Shostakovich’s dissent from traditional third movement and “melancholy and irony” quote from Richards, 2008.

• Second scherzo and what the impact made to the finale of the piece. (Richards, 2008)


• Modernisation and dissent and the creation of a unique sound.

• Draw back to personal and political situations at the time.

Option 2: Tradition and Dissent in Music: Dmitri Shostakovich.

The music of Shostakovich provides a fascinating outlook on tradition and dissent in music. His compositions, especially the string quartets, offer examples of both devotion to and dissent from classical musical compositions.

Although, any arrangement of four stringed instruments can be called a string quartet, the term usually signifies a musical ensemble that consists of two violins, one viola, and one cello. Commonly, the music composed for the traditional instrumentation emulates the four movement form of an orchestra: a speedy movement followed by a leisurely movement, a dance movement and another rapid movement. They were traditionally written to be played in a private personal setting, such as weddings, and as a result, were not subject to such extreme scrutiny as more public works, for example operas and symphonies. Shostakovich used this independence to try out with traditional musical custom, employing or developing them at different times. Stalin’s demand, in Russia, for upbeat, patriotic music also unrestricted his limits. Being a Jew in Soviet Russia, Shostakovich wrote certain movements that display meaningful emotional responses to the society he lived in. Shostakovich’s works can be called The War of Symphonies in which he expressed his dissatisfaction with the regime in Russia and his sense of individual and artistic entrapment, and his sympathy for the millions of men and women repressed by the state.

An example of Shostakovich’s progress of traditional musical forms can be seen in his treatment of Sonata form in his String quartet no.2. Sonata form consists of 3 sections – the exposition, the expansion and the recapitulation. Each of these sections has a different purpose within the composition; the exposition presents the two main themes of the piece, the expansion allows the composer to alter the themes by using different keys and rhythms, and the recapitulation reintroduces the ideas in the original form to provide an overwhelming ending. Shostakovich’s quartet no.2 strongly follows this form until the recapitulation, where the ideas are reiterated in a different order.

The second string quartet links to another long-established principle by using...
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