Axia College Material
Seven Organizational Approaches
Use the matrix below to describe each approach to organizing information about the body. Discuss how each approach can be used.
| Describe the approach
| How might the approach be used?
| Body planes and directions
| Dividing the body by planes once in anatomical position. Three body planes that divide the body into front and back, right and left, and top and bottom sections.
| The coronal plane can be used in reference to chest x-rays. MRI scans use the midsagittal plane. The transverse plane divides the body into the superior and inferior sections which are used for direction. This approach can be used by doctors and technicians to address organs in those areas or for direction.
| Body cavities
| To study the human body according to its cavities and internal organs. There are five body cavities.
| This approach might be used when referencing to the gastrointestinal, reproductive, and urinary systems.
| Quadrant and regions
| This approach divides the abdominopelvic area into four quadrants or nine regions.
| This approach can be used as a reference during a physical examination of the internal organs. This approach can be used to explain position.
| Anatomy and physiology
| Anatomy is the study of the structures of the human body. Physiology is the study of the function and workings of those structures.
| This approach may be used for research of diseases or illness. This approach also can be used to understand the body and how the organs work or find out why something may not be working properly.
| Study of microscopic cells of the body that can only be seen with a microscope, which combine to make macroscopic structures.
| This approach can be used by scientist and doctors to better understand the body. This approach can also be used to study disease and bacteria.
| Body systems
| The body can be studied according to its various...
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