Angela D. Nicol
University of Phoenix
MGT 330 Management Theory Practice and Application
Professor Mary Jane Tytran, MBA
Due Date March 17, 2008
This paper discusses and defines the differences between management and leadership. This paper will also examine the roles and responsibilities of leaders and managers in creating and maintaining a healthy organizational culture. It will explain as well as examine the four functions of management as they lead to the creation and maintenance of a healthy organizational culture. This paper will also recommend some strategies that organizational managers and leaders can use to create and maintain a healthy organizational culture.
Management and Leadership Paper
When taking a moment to think about manager and leader’s one would begin to realize that there were many different types throughout history. Some of the managers and leaders are well known individuals and might even be described as figureheads; while others are everyday ordinary people who have helped to change our lives. When asked to name these people one might think of people like Abraham Lincoln, George Washington, Bill Clinton, George Bush, Martin Luther King, and The Pope or, maybe the name of a boss or teacher comes to mind. Would one think of there own name as being a grand leader or boss and having the ability to make a change? Chances are that one would probably not think of themselves as being a good leader or manager because one would think of historical figures and important people who have help in shaping and molding society as well as our own lives. The real question here is how can one distinguish between leadership and management? What can either one do to help in maintaining a healthy organization culture?
Management and leadership are two words that one can consider identical because they both deal with an organization but depict two different concepts of involving employees into doing their work. When identifying the differences between the two one would have to look towards the dictionaries for the definition of each to better understand them. Management can clearly be defined as the way of managing employees; whereas leadership is the capacity or ability to lead or inspire employees into doing their work.
Management is the “Process of working with people and resources to accomplish organizational goals” (Bateman-Snell, 2007). Management can also be seen as the imaginative and organized pursuit of practical results, by identifying and using available knowledge and human resources in a determined and reinforcing way.
Three types of management roles are interpersonal, informational, and decisional and each has its own set of responsibilities and expectations (Modern Management).The manager’s roles interpersonally are in fact, the expectations that they have projected on them by others. These roles are the figurehead, liaison, and leader. Some of these roles can be sub-divided into specific groups of expected behavior. Sometimes these roles are seen as extensions of their values and expectations of their interpersonal roles of position and authority. Managers have to take on many different roles and responsibilities on a daily basis and many of these roles were laid unto them by upper level management. Informational roles can be considered the informational category of management where they deal with managerial information and the dissemination of the information to others. These roles are to monitor, disseminator, and spokesperson. With decisional roles management is forced to make managerial choices where they influence the choices of others within the organization. Some of the activities that go along with this type of managerial role is problem solving and decision making. The roles this type of manager can take on are the entrepreneur, resource allocator, disturbance handler and the...