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Assignment 1 – Understanding development and supporting equality, diversity and inclusion.
a. Explain the sequence and rate of each aspect of development from birth – 19 years
The main areas of development include: physical development, social and emotional development, intellectual development and language development. Through physical development,
By age one young child is developing fallowing motoring skills.
Child sits without support and crawls
pulls self to standing position and stands with help and without
walks with aid
plays games in imitation of adult, like ball rolling,
reaches, grasps, puts object in mouth
picks things up with pincer grasp (thumb and one finger)
transfers object from one hand to the other
drops and picks up objects
Between one and two
✓ walks alone
✓ walks backwards
✓ picks up toys from floor without falling
✓ pulls toys, pushes toys
✓ seats self in child size chair
✓ walks up and down stairs with hand held
✓ moves to music
✓ builds tower of small blocks
✓ puts rings on stick
✓ turns pages two or three at a time
✓ turns knobs
✓ throws small ball
✓ paints with whole arm movement, shifts hands, makes strokes
Between two and three
✓ runs forward, jumps in place with two feet together
✓ stands on one foot
✓ walks on tiptoe
✓ kicks a ball forward
✓ strings four large beads
✓ turns single pages
✓ snips with scissors
✓ holds crayon with thumb and fingers besides fist hold ✓ uses one hand consistently in most activities
✓ imitates circular, vertical, horizontal strokes
✓ paints with some wrist action; makes dots, lines, circular strokes ✓ rolls, pounds, squeezes, and pulls clay
Between three and four
✓ runs around obstacles
✓ balances on one foot and walks on a line
✓ hops on one foot
✓ pushes, pulls, steers wheeled toys
✓ rides tricycle
✓ uses slide independently
✓ jumps over six inch high object and lands on both feet together ✓ throws ball overhead
✓ catches a bounce ball
✓ uses clay material for plays (rolls different shapes) ✓ Plays with smaller and bigger blocks to build bridges and towers
Between four and five
✓ jumps forward 10 times without falling
✓ walks up and down stair independently
✓ turns somersault
✓ cuts on line continuously
✓ throws ball with aim
✓ prints some capital letters
✓ paints and uses colouring books
✓ draws triangle, square and circle
✓ copies first name
✓ prints numerals 1 to 10
Between five and six
✓ runs lightly on toes
✓ walks on balance beam
✓ enjoys hopping
✓ skips jumps rope
✓ cuts out simple shapes
✓ draws diamond
✓ copies friends first names
✓ prints numerals 1 ……
✓ colours within lines
✓ has adult grasp of pencil
✓ had handedness well established
✓ pastes and glues appropriately
Between six and eleven
✓ Loves active play but may tire easily.
✓ Does not understand dangers completely.
✓ Is still improving basic motor skills.
✓ Is still not well coordinated.
✓ Begins to learn some specific sports skills like football. ✓ May become a more picky eater.
✓ Uses crayons and paints with some skill, but still learning writing and cutting. ✓ Permanent teeth erupting, both molars and front teeth. ✓ Has better large muscle than small muscle coordination. ✓ Rides a bicycle.
✓ Starts to alternate restful activities independently. ✓ Enjoys competitive games.
✓ Has better eye-hand coordination.
✓ May ask...