Assignment 031 Understand how to support positive outcomes for children and young people. TASK A
a. A description of the social, economic and cultural factors- giving at least one example of each category.
CULTURAL- Some religious beliefs and customs may exclude children from settings or may mean that they attend specific settings, aimed at their religious beliefs. And due to their religious customs and ceremonies/traditions children and adults may need time out of the setting to celebrate. Some adults or children due to their cultural beliefs may need to wear a certain type of clothing and may have special dietary requirements. ECONOMIC-Low income families may not always be able to provide for their children as well as they hoped too. Poor standards of living and a cramped house can have a negative effect on a child’s development as well as affecting the physical and mental health of the parents and the child/children. SOCIAL- Children that live in a way that varies from the norm can affect the way others see and relate to them; a child may be living with same gender or Trans gender parents, a child may be living with only one parent. Though the last part isn’t really that unusual, there are always different circumstances, a parent may have passed away, they may be in prison, they may be working abroad or even in the forces. The child’s parents may have separated and the child may divide their time between two parents. Children may live in an area or community that has challenging or anti social behaviour, their parents may be a part of this and this may cause the child or children to be taken into care.
b. An explanation of the importance and impact of poverty on outcomes and life chances for children and young people One of the Five outcomes of the Every child matters framework states that ‘every child should achieve wealth and economic well-being’. This means it is important to make sure that all children experiencing poverty have the same opportunities as any child their age. As a setting we have an important role in supporting families to access the help they need from outside agencies to support them and guide them towards reducing poverty and improving their outcomes. There are unfortunately too many reasons why a child may be living in poverty *parents are disabled or have mental health or addiction problems *one parent or both parents are unemployed
*the parent is a teenage parent or a lone parent
*they are children living in care
*they live in an ethnic or minority household
*their parent may be unable to work if they are a full time carer to a disabled child or relative Outcomes for children living in poverty are a lot different to children living in high income families, free from poverty. *death in children from low income families is more than double that of high income families *statistics show that children living in poverty are more likely to have poorer health as a result of poor housing conditions, poor diets, stress/depression *statistics show that children living in poverty are less likely to do well in school due to lack of space to do homework, low self-esteem, this resulting in lower paid jobs in adulthood, due to poor or no exam grades. To ensure the children have the best outcomes they need to be given a voice to make choices to ensure that the children’s services in the setting best meet the needs of the children.
C. A description of the impact of children and young people’s experiences on their outcomes and life chances Children may suffer malnutrition or a poor diet as a result of their parents being unable to afford quality food. This could result in lack of concentration or poor performance at school. They could also suffer other health related issues. They may be the subject of bullying as a result of their clothing or because they do not have the latest ‘must have’ accessories. They will probably miss out on further education due to the costs involved, or...