Assessment task SHC 23 – Introduction to equality and inclusion in health, social care or children’s and young people’s settings. 1.Understand the importance of equality and inclusion.
1.1 Explain what is meant by: diversity, equality, inclusion, discrimination. The concept of diversity encompasses acceptance and respect. It means understanding that each individual is unique, and recognizing our individual differences. These can be along the dimensions of race, ethnicity, gender, sexual orientation, socio-economic status, age, physical abilities, religious beliefs, political beliefs, or other ideologies. It is the exploration of these differences in a safe, positive, and nurturing environment. Equality means giving all children the best possible opportunities to achieve their potential in the setting. This does not necessarily mean treating all children ‘equally’ or every child achieving ‘the same’. Some will need special, or different, levels of support or challenge. This means planning for effective learning and development for all children - irrespective of disability, heritage, special educational needs, social group, gender, physical or emotional needs, race or culture. Inclusion embodies the values, policies, and practices that support the right of every infant and child and his or her family, regardless of ability, to participate in a broad range of activities and contexts. The desired results of inclusive experiences for children with and without disabilities and their families include a sense of belonging and membership, positive social relationships and friendships, and development and learning to reach their full potential. The defining features of inclusion that can be used to identify high quality early childhood programs and services are access, participation, and supports. Discrimination – treating an individual or group less favourably because of a personal characteristic such as race, religion or special educational need. 1.2 Describe ways in which discrimination may deliberately or inadvertently occur in the work setting. Discrimination can happen when someone is treated unequally to another person in the same situation. For example, female staff being required to wear a uniform that includes skirts, but workers from other cultural backgrounds may need to refuse due to their specific beliefs. This indirectly discriminates if staff are not able comply due to their beliefs, with the requirement. In the workplace discrimination could also occur through the use of language, some common slang words and stereotyping language can cause real offence and de discriminatory by nature such as, speaking differently in front of a service user that you think does not understand English very well, or not supporting a person equally because you disapprove of the fact that they are different Discrimination can be deliberate or direct, for example: In the workplace - being refused a job because of gender: being refused a job because of ethnicity; – being excluded from discussion, meetings and activities due to language and communication problems; denying access - unable to access due to physical barriers ; assumptions that a person cannot achieve the same as another because of the disability Children and young people may experience direct or deliberately occurring discrimination, this happens when children and young people are not allowed to access part of the curriculum and school activities because of their particular situation such as race, gender or disability. An example is where a setting does not accept a child because of their special educational need or a group of children do not let another child join in with them because of their race. Indirect or inadvertently occurring discrimination is often more difficult to spot, as it occurs when practice and procedures are applied without consideration to individuals’ circumstances. A child or a worker will not be excluded directly but will be unable to...
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