Assessment of Premarital Sexual Practices and Factors Related to Itamong High School Students

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Assessment of Pre-marital sexual practices and factors related to it among Hawas Preparatory school Adama.

CHAPTER ONE

1.1 Background information

For the development of a given society, it is pretty obvious that youth population have a crucial role to play. Especially, in countries like Ethiopia, more than two-thirds of the populations are below 30 years of age, these age groups are expected to be in the forefront in building the country. However, an increasing number of adults in Ethiopia are facing several psychological, economical, social and physical problems due to the prevalence of careless sexual intercourses. Especially, those who are in high schools are very much subject to these problems more than anyone else.

In Ethiopia there are no longer any penalties for premarital sex, nor is there an automatic marriage when the female becomes pregnant. At one time society had these and other penalties for pregnant females. Since premarital sex is so prevalent in the Ethiopia today, it would be impractical to impose penalties for it as societal norms are so very different.

Some studies revealed that, two out of four peoples in urban Ethiopia practiced their first sexual intercourses in their respective high schools. The general population also adapted stigma and discrimination towards those who are in problems with the result pre-marital sex. According to some information, most females who are living in the street sides and commercial sex workers are pushed out by their parents due to pre-marital sex which is the cause for abortion and HIV/AIDS.

One of the most painful, and yet overlooked aspects of sex outside marriage is emotional scars. What might start as fun, exciting and romantic can end in a lifetime of painful memories. In another, it will create big health problems for teenagers who are practicing pre-marital sex during their early ages.

1.2 Statement of the Problem
Premarital sex can be an offense in civil laws in some countries. It is a factor in religious thought and we shall be dealing with this set of factors in part in this answer. Sex is the most deeply held, private matter for a person and in this case is a personal choice. In Ethiopia there are no longer any penalties for premarital sex, nor is there an automatic marriage when the female becomes pregnant. At one time society had these and other penalties for pregnant females. In many religions there are penalties for premarital sex, the most severe being death. Although some religions, notably Judaism and Christianity, no longer exact those penalties, they still exist "on the books" so to speak. Since premarital sex is so prevalent in the Ethiopia today, it would be impractical to impose penalties for it as societal norms are so very different. On a personal level, the effects of premarital sex can be many. The most common effect for the individual is loss of self respect. Depending on the sexual encounter, it can have a devastating effect on the self esteem. For those who have been raped, there are feelings of worthlessness, being "dirty", "damaged goods", not "good enough", etc. Irregardless of the circumstances, the violence done to the psyche can have long term ill effects. For the willing participant, the inevitable doubts about the "purity" of the act can cause preoccupation with moral issues. For the religious person, the demands of their particular religion have profound effects upon this decision. Marriage laws were originally designed to ensure the safety and well being of women and resulting children. Since the laws of primogeniture were predicated on fatherhood, it was of primary importance that women be married when they produced those children. Certain passages in the Bible and the Koran have very involved statutes concerning marriage and rape. The questions about premarital sex can go beyond the religious in that the issue of disease that can play a major factor. It is said that you also sleep with...
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