Task 1.1 :
1 What it means to have a duty of care in own role
The fundamental obligation that anyone working in child care, whatever the type of service and whatever their role, is to keep children safe (CHILDCARE AND CHILDREN’S
HEALTH VOL. 9 NO. 1 MARCH 2006 p1).
Duty of care means a requirement to exercise a reasonable degree of attention and caution to avoid negligence which would lead to harm to other people (Children& Young People Workforce Level 3 ,P43).
In our setting all of the policies and procedures safeguard children in our care . Everyone involved in the care of children has a role to play in child protection.
I work with under 5 years old children, who are more vulnerable. We must provide a significant duty of care, supervise all the children at all time, protect them from any harmful or dangerous situation.
2 How duty of care contributes to the safeguarding or protection of individuals
In our setting we safeguard children in various ways,such as:
• Risk assessment – risks assessment are extremely important and must be implemented and met all time. Risk assessment are designed to ensure the Health and Safety of everyone who enters into the nursery. The nursery has many risk assessments and are carried out and reviewed on regular or daily basis. For example, opening and closing check, before children come to the nursery every morning we do risk assessment which includes toys ,rooms, toilet, fire exit, garden area, all equipments etc, ensure they are safe for children. Once any risks or potential hazards have been found we sort out as soon as possible , if there are any risks can not be solved immediately we write down and report to line manager or manager. At the end of the day, when all the children have gone home, we do the whole nursery checks, use antibacterial liquid to clean up the room. Toys are disinfected every two weeks. Babies' bottle ,beaks, dummies are sterilised after been used.
• Observations: written observation and photo observation are carried out every two month, assessments are produced meanwhile to show if children's seven area developments as expected for their age, according to the assessment, plan suitable activities for their next step. If their progress id not as expected, we will take action with parents and other professionals. For example there is a child who is 3 half years old , only can speak few words and also not a clear pronunciation, we concern the language development may delay, so we arranged a meeting with mum, and request BEAN to identify weather he need additional support.
•Behaviour: in our nursery we believe in promoting positive behaviour at all times and set clear expected rules and boundaries for children behaviour. The children will be rewarded by staff using verbal praise and visual aids, i.e. sticker charts if needed to meet children individual needs. Also we use strategies to solve some unacceptable behaviour which might distress other children. For instance, there is a child sometimes whose behaviour is unwanted, his action hurts other children, even interact other children's behaviour. We try using “happy face & sad face” to show if he behaves properly and explain why. Also we keep be positive to him, writing down what he has done well on a sticker to encourage him. Moreover we work with parents and BEAN, find out the ways to help him, transfer his time from busy afternoon into less busy mornings. After many efforts the child has distinctive changes.
• Child abuse: as a member of staff we are in the position to be able to observe any changes in child's behaviour and appearance. Follow the nursery Safeguarding Policy if a staff suspects that a child is being abused or ill treated the staff has duty of care to take action on behalf of child...