i)There are differences in the rate of development of boys and girls. True Tbere are differences in the rate of development of boys and girls. In prenatal period the skeletal system of girls grows faster as compared to boys. Therefore, at b i girls are ahead of boys in their skeletal development. The period of puberty is about two years earlier for girls than for boys.
ii)Critical periods are the only times for learning particular skills. Fasle Critical periods are the best times for learning particular skills. Such periods are critical for development because during these periods the child is ready to leam a particular skill. For example, a child begins to speak only when she is able to control the movements of the tongue, lips and vocal chords and the brain has developd further. That is, the child must be. biologically ready to speak.
iii)Preschool age children cannot understand cause and effect relationships. – False the preschooler understands cause and effect relationships, she also hows that she can act upon objects and make things happen.
iv)Preschool children do not have a concept of number. True Acquiring the concept of number involves unhrstanding that each number signifies a quantity, undmtanding one-to-one correspondence, un&rstanding conservation of number and koowing the correct sequence of numbers.
v)Babbling is the earliest form of communication used by the child. False Crying : The earliest form of communication that a child uses is crying.
(2 x 5 = 10 marks)
2.Explain in detail:
i)Preschool education is important for children.
Preschool education aims at the all-round development of the child, i.e. physical, motor, cognitive, language, social and emotional, by provldlng the child stimulating experiences and opportunities for play and exploration. Prescl~oole ducation becomes important because it provides a setting for a child to learn to relate to others, make friends and do things in a group . . where slie imbibes the values of sharing and cooperation. The &ild becomes confident about herself. This will help her to adjust to a bigger group in the primary class and to cope witli beiug away from home. Besides promoting social and emotional development, preschool education is important for physical, cognitive and language development as well. For a child who has not attended a preschool, primary school is unfamiliar. She may be unprepared for the formal routines of school. Finding school unpleasant she may wish to leave it She, therefore, does not stay long enough in school to learn to read. write and count. Thus preschool education prepares the child for formal schooling. . The child will be provided with education which ~ould~enabtlhee development of abilities, individual judgement and sense of responsibility and enable the child to become a useful member of society.
ii)It is important for the child to develop the feeling of trust and sense of security during early years. Developing trust and a sense of security is important since it influences later hehaviour to a considerable extent.
Firstly, an infant who has experienced a warm relationship with her caregiver in the first year of life, is likely to view other adults she comes in contact with later as safe and friendly. Such a child finds it pleasurable to interact with people and forms emotional ties with them.
Secondly, developing trust influences the child's explorato~yb ehaviour and the quality of play. Infants who feel secure will play away from the mother, glancing at her once in a while to make sure she is still there. Later, they will go into another room or into the open, away from her physical presence. By contrast, the infant who has not developed trust feels insecure and is fearful of new situations and events. When the mother is not consistent in her care of the child, the child is not sure whether she will come...