Assessing the Role of Work Motivation on Employee Performance

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BY: Mohammad Sadiq

موسســۀ تحصیلات عالــی میوند
MAIWAND INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION

Session: Evening

Assessing the role of work Motivation on Employee Performance

By: Mohammad Sadiq
Supervised by: Sir Yasir
Session: Evening

This Project is submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the award of degree of Bachelor of Business Administration.

DEPARTMENT OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION
MAIWAND INSTITUTE OF HIGHER EDUCATION
KABUL, AFGHANISTAN

APPROVAL SHEET

Research Report On

Assessing the role of work motivation on employee performance

VC ACADEMICS

Name: Mr. FAROOQ BASHAR

Signature:

HEAD OF DEPARTMENT

Name: _____________________

Signature: ______

SUPERVISOR

Name: Sir YASIR

Signatur:

ASSTT: SUPERVISOR

Name: Mr. SAJJAD AHMAD

Signature:

EXTERNAL SUPERVISOR

Name: ______________________

Signature:______________________

Dated: ______/______/2013

ASSESSING THE ROLE OF WORK

MOTIVATION ON EMPLOYEE PERFORMANCE

RATIONALE (Introduction)
When looking at factors that affect job satisfaction, I find that Agency theory might be helpful as it explains the extent to which organizations need to think of their human resource responsible in producing the output needed by organizations to meet shareholders value.

Agency theory is concerned with issues related to the ownership of the firm when that ownership is separated from the day-to-day running of the organization. It assumes that in all but owner- managed organizations the owner or owners (known in agency theory as the “Principal”) of an organization must vest authority to an “agent”-corporate management- to Act on their behalf.

Agency theory is therefore used to analyze this conflict in interest between the principal (shareholders of organizations) and their agents (leaders of these organizations). Whereby the “Agents” in keeping with the interest of the shareholders and organizational goals turn to use financial motivational aspects like bonuses, higher payrolls, pensions, sick allowances, risk payments, perks to reward and retained their employees and enhance their performance.

There is a strong lobby propounding the view that human resources and their management are the source of competitive advantage for the business, rather than, say, access to capital or use of technology. It is therefore logical to suggest that, attention needs to be paid to the nature of this resource and its management as this will impact on human resource behavior and performance and consequently the performance of the organization.

BACKGROUND
Even though many advances in technology have changed the workplace in recent years, humans still play a vital role in the operation of a business. Thus, it can be said that the human factor is crucial to business success. According to the Hawthorne Studies, employees are not just another input into the production of goods and services as they are not motivated solely by money, and employee behavior is linked to their attitudes (Dickson,1973). Accordingly, in order to improve the performance of the manufacturing business, there is a need to understand how to manage and empower people or employees.

RESEARCH OBJECTIVE
The objectives of this study are:
• To assess the factors that motivates employees to perform best at work, • To determine the concerns of motivational approach as well as its true purpose within an organization

RESEARCH QUESTION
The question that this study asks and tries to answer is what role does motivation play in enhancing performance in...
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