Assessing the Effectiveness of Development Control in Road Reserves

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TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background2
1.2 Problem Statement4
1.3 Justification4
1.4.0 Main Objective5
1.4.1 Specific Objectives
CHAPTER 2.0 LITERATURE REVIEW6
2.2.1Introduction6
2.2.2 Policies and Legislations Relating to Planning and Development Control6 2.2.3 Development Control within Road Reserves7
2.2.4 Benefits of Development Control8
2.3 Implications8
2.4 Conclusion8
CHAPTER 3.0 RESEARCH METHODS8
3.1 Study Area9
3.1.1 Figure 1. Map Showing the Study Area9
3.2 Sample Design9
3.3 Data Collection Methods10
3.4 Data analysis and interpretation methods10
3.5 Presentation and dissemination of Results11
3.6 Ethical consideration11
3.7 Limitations of the research11
CHAPTER 4.0 RESEARCH BUDGET12
4.1 Table Showing Budget Presentation12
CHAPTER 5.0 WORK PLAN13
5.1 Tables Showing Research Tasks13
CHAPTER 6.0 CONCLUSION14
Reference

ASSESSMENT OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF DEVELOPMENT CONTROL IN ROAD RESERVES CHAPTER 1.0 INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background
Development control is defined as the activity of monitoring and controlling of physical developments to ensure that the physical development of an area takes place in line with the existing development plans and regulations (Williamson, et al, 2010). According to Radcliffe, et al (2004), development control is referred to as the process by which a community or society represented by locally elected councils control changes in the use and appearance of the environment.

Almost all countries have developed systems to assist control land development process and Malawi is not an exception. Nevertheless, the efficiency of the systems differ from one country to another depending on the maturity of the institutional structures and the general economic, judicial and cultural conditions (Williamson, et al, 2010).

Cross sections of structures in Malawi’s urban settlements are considered not to comply with the planning land development standards. In many instances, permanent business structures if not residential houses are seen to lie in the road reserve. These cases are prevalent in many urban settlements across the country. The situation questions the integrity of planning authorities in this country since they are trusted with the responsibility of controlling physical developments within the area of its jurisdiction.

It is against this background therefore that prompted the researcher to assess the effectiveness of the development control in road reserves. It is anticipated that the outcome of this research will go a long way towards reducing the effects that may come along with illegal developments in the roads reserves such as damages to reference marks, water-pipes and many others.

Problem Statement
Cross sections of structures in Malawi’s urban settlements are considered not to comply with the planning land development standards. In many instances, permanent business structures if not residential houses are seen to lie in the road reserve. These cases are prevalent in many urban settlements across the country. The situation questions the integrity of planning authorities in this country since they are trusted with the responsibility of controlling physical developments within the area of its jurisdiction. The illegal developments in the road reserve are greatly interfering with the utility companies and other government agencies in their operations such as installation of water pipes, electricity lines, and telecommunication lines. Illegal developments in road reserves have also caused damages to reference marks for survey purposes.

It is against this background therefore that prompted the researcher to assess the effectiveness of the development control in road reserves.

1.3 Justification
Firstly, it is expected that the study will help to determine the extent of encroachment by developers in the road reserve. As already explained in the previous paragraphs, there are some...
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