Assesing the Effectiveness of Computerized Accounting System

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ABSTRACT
The study aimed at assessing the effectiveness of computerized accounting systems in organizations (the general objective of the study). It employed a case study design and Ministry of Finance and Economic Affairs was chosen as the case of the study. Various literatures were consulted to get the theoretical and empirical thoughts of stupendous authors about the topic under study to help the researcher craft and refine her methodology.

Questionnaires, documentation and interviews were the key methods of data collection. The researcher used a sample of 30 respondents from MoFEA’s Management and Staff to collect data because it was expensive both in terms of time and resources to collect data from every employee of the ministry. Primary and secondary data were collected and analyzed using both qualitative and quantitative data analysis techniques.

Afterwards, the researcher presented the findings collected from respondents and concluded that, computerized accounting system at MoFEA is to a great extent effective because most of the purposes for which it was established are being met, the ministry now produces accurate, up-to-date and timely reports. The researcher went further and said, although the system used is effective, it is underutilized because some of the accounting works are still done manually.

The researcher recommends the following be done by the ministry in order to boost the status and quality of the system and the outputs from that system. These include, staff training to make more people at the ministry be able to work with the system, authorization to allow more staff members to use the system and set the appropriate budget to cover all needs of the ministry.

TABLE OF CONTENTS
DECLARATIONii
COPYRIGHTiii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTiv
DEDICATIONv
ABBREVIATIONSvi
ABSTRACTvii
LIST OF TABLESxi
LIST OF FIGURESxii
CHAPTER ONE1
INTRODUCTION, OBJECTIVES AND PROBLEM DEFINITION1
1.1 Background Information1
1.2 Objectives of the Study1
1.2.1 General Objectives1
1.2.2 Specific Objectives2
1.3 Problem Definition2
1.4 Significance of the Study3
1.5 Limitation of the Study3
CHAPTER TWO5
LITERATURE REVIEW ON COMPUTERISED ACCOUNTING SYSTEMS5
2.1 Introduction5
2.2 Theoretical Literature Review5
2.2.1 Accounting5
2.2.2 Computer6
2.2.3 Accounting System7
2.2.3.1 Maintaining the Integrity of an Accounting System7
2.2.3.2 Stages in the Development of an Accounting System8
2.2.4 Computerization9
2.2.5 Decision-Making Process for Computerization10
2.2.6 Computerized Accounting System (CAS)11
2.2.6.1 Advantages of Computerized Accounting System11
2.2.6.2 Disadvantages of Computerized Accounting System13
2.2.7 Effectiveness of Computerized Accounting Systems14
2.3 Computerized Accounting System at MoFEA15
2.3.1 General Overview of the Ministry15
2.3.2 MoFEA Computerized Accounting System16
CHAPTER THREE20
ANALYICAL FRAMEWORK FOR EVALUATING EFFECTIVENESS OF COMPUTERIZED ACCOUNTING SYSTEM20 3.1 Developing Framework20
3.2 Analytical Framework20
3.2.1 Independent Variables20
3.2.2 Dependent Variables22
3.3 Hypothesis24
3.4 Operational Definitions24
3.4.1 Independent Variables24
3.4.2 Dependent Variables24
CHAPTER FOUR26
RESEARCH METHODOLOGY26
4.0 Introduction26
4.1 Research Design26
4.2 Data Collection Strategy26
4.2.1 Primary Data26
4.2.2 Secondary Data27
4.3 Data Analyses Strategy28
CHAPTER FIVE29
DATA ANALYSIS AND DISCUSSIONS ON THE FINDINGS29
5.1 Introduction29
5.2 Name of the Statistical Test29
5.2.1 Introduction29
5.2.3 Interpretation and Discussion of the Findings30
5.2.3.1 Research Question One30
5.2.3.2 Research Question Two31
5.2.3.3 Research Question Three32
5.2.3.4 Research Question Four33
5.2.3.5 Research Question Five34
CHAPTER SIX37
CONCLUSIONS37
6.1 Introduction37
6.2 Conclusions37
6.3 Recommendations for Management38
BIBLIOGRAPHY39
APPENDICES40
Appendix 141...
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