"One of the world's best known advocates of non-violent social change
strategies, Martin Luther King, Jr. synthesized ideas drawn from many different
cultural traditions." (Carson 1). However, these protest strategies only
furthered racial segregation, resulting in the eventual death of King.
Michael King, who was later known as Martin Luther King, Jr. was born
January 15, 1929, at 501 Auburn Avenue in Atlanta, Georgia. His roots were in
the African-American Baptist church. After his junior year at Morehouse College,
Benjamin Mays influenced him to become a minister, the president of Morehouse
College. (Smith 1). He studied theologies at Crozer Theological Seminary in
Chester, Pennsylvania, and at Boston University, where he earned a doctorate in
systematic theologies in 1955. (Carson 1). While he was completing his Ph. D.
requirements, Martin Luther King, Jr. decided to return to the south. He became
the pastor of Dextor Avenue Baptist Church in Montgomery, Alabama. (Smith 2).
Five days after Rosa Parks refused to obey the city's rules concerning
bus segregation, African-American residents of Montgomery, Alabama launched a
bus boycott. They elected Martin Luther King, Jr. as president of the Montgomery
Improvement Association. (Phillips 3). King received national prominence as the
boycott continued, due to his personal courage and exceptional oratical skills.
On charges on conspiracy, Martin Luther King, they bombed Jr.'s house,
and they arrested him along with other boycott leaders. (Mark 3). Despite these
actions taken against the boycott, Montgomery buses were desegregated in
December of 1956. The Supreme Court had declared Alabama's laws of segregation
During 1957, Martin Luther King, Jr. and other African-American
ministers established the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC). As
president of the organization, King emphasized the importance of African-
American voting rights.... [continues]
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