The disorder is named after Hans Asperger, a Viennese pediatrician who, in 1944, first described a set of behavior patterns apparent in some of his patients, mostly males. Asperger noticed that although these boys had normal intelligence and language development, they had severely impaired social skills, were unable to communicate effectively with others, and had poor coordination (New, 2012) In the preceding decade this syndrome has gained diagnosis at an extremely rapid rate. The treatment for this condition is more difficult to dispense than the definition is to understand. In the school and home environment, this disorder is becoming harder and harder to leash. While treatment with medications are not always necessary, behavior modification is. It is used in schools, and in therapy outside of the educational setting.
Causes for Aspergers
The causes for Aspergers, it is not fully understood but professionals say that the condition is caused primarily by environment and genetics. Researchers have identified a number of genes associated with the disorder. Studies of people with ASD have found irregularities in several regions of the brain. Other studies suggest that people with ASD have abnormal levels of serotonin or other neurotransmitters in the brain. (Ninds, 2009) The areas of the brain affected by ASD are illustrated by the following image. (Narwrot, n.d.) The Study
Studies done on Aspergers include one currently updated by Autism Research Network Department of Psychology, University of Portsmouth. Methods used to study this disorder were scaling and by using behavioural observations; with defined behaviors with functionality assessment. Somewhere along this line a chemical imbalance in the brain causes reactions. These reactions often result in manifestations of ADD, ADHD, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder, Autism Spectrum Disorder, Aspergers Syndrome etc. (Parenting Aspergers, 2013) Cause and Effect