Pre Modern Appalachia Essay
It’s hard to think about living in pre modern times, with all the technology we have today. I have heard stories from my grandmother about when she was a young lady in Hazard. That was while coal mining was the big thing though. So for all my research I had to turn to other sources. When I think of pre modern I think of old television shows such as “Little House on the Para ire”. Simple times before industrialization made its appearance. In this essay, I am going to describe and compare the ways of pre modern Appalachia to nowadays. I am going to include topics such as: economic activities, transportation, housing and standards of living, women’s and family life, church, communities and social gatherings, and traditional pre modern values The Industrial Revolution paved the way for mass production of goods. According to reserve became well known. What about before all this need for coal? How did people survive and live? Everyculture.com describes early life in Appalachia as small scattered farming communities. This kind of farming known as subsistence farming was used by Appalachian people to provide for themselves, not to make money. According to Wikipedia, early Appalachians planted and grew for themselves and neighbors keeping traditional crops from the settlers like sweet potatoes, corn, squash, and tobacco. They let cows and hogs roam until it was milking or slaughtering time. If you had extra you could trade at the store for whatever you needed like flour or coffee. Houses in these early times were not like what we are blessed with today. Wikipedia says a house in those times were basically a one room cabin, equipped with a fireplace for cooking meals and heating. Bathrooms were outhouses, there was no such thing as indoor plumbing. The standards of living were poverty. People living in the mountains had little money. As I said before you could trade at the store you walked to or if you had a neighbor with a house or buggy you could catch a ride with them if you were lucky. Families grew big in these days. Themoonlitroad.com averages ten to twelve children, a mother and father all living under one roof. Shoes were only for the winter if they could be afforded. In the early twentieth century social workers began informing families about personal hygiene and taught homemaking skills to women. Men were taught to read and write. Midwives traveled Appalachia helping deliver babies. Most children were born at home then with no doctor or medicine available. That’s just scary to me! I wouldn’t have made it in those days. I had a cesarean birth. So I and my little girl probably would have been one of those statistics concerning fetal death. Moonlitroad.com also tells a little about women’s life. Women took care of all the housework and the children. They were in charge of cooking for the family. They used berries to dye clothes. They also sewed their family’s clothes along with making quilts, knitting mittens, scarfs, toboggans, and socks. Family life nowadays is more of a nuclear family. , thus meaning mother, father, and children living in one house. The family’s needs and wants are put before the outside community. However Kin family values were popular in pre modern Appalachia. 1str.org describes kin family social values as family and community over self needs. The home also includes grandparents or other family members living in one household. Forms of transportation were limited in rural Appalachia. Water was the main source of transportation back then, according to Wikipedia. It also determined where big cities popped up and where ports for goods and people traveled to. That’s the reason Frankfort is the capital of Kentucky. I knew that from Kentucky history classes. However, in the mountains there are no steamboats. The main form of transportation for mountain folk was by foot. You walked to where ever you needed to go. If you owned a horse you could ride to town or hitch up a wagon to...
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