In this paper, I have presented the concept of depression among the Asian American students and discussed some of the existing causes like economical, language, stress, and ethnic identity, adaptation to a different culture, racism, and being in minority. This paper also covers all the treatment and recommendations which can be provided to Asian Americans for their mental health. I have concluded the paper by giving one case study on stigma problems within Asian Americans.
Keywords: stress, culture, stigma
Ethical Values and Depression in Asian College Students
Laurie Meyers (2006) explained that according to American Psychology Association “The first national study of Asian-American mental health said that the second generation people are more likely to have emotional disorder than to their immigrant parents” (p. 44). Major depression can be diagnosed by the observing symptoms like disinterest in activities, low on mood, significant weight loss or gain, thoughts of worthlessness or guilt, or thoughts of death or suicide. By the year 2020, depression will be the second largest disease in the world. It currently ranks third in mortality and lost workdays. Approximately 17% of adults report has a major depressive episode at least once in their lifetime. 10% of Americans currently suffer from depression. Three decades of research on mental health shows that Asian Americans have high numbers of depressive symptoms. Research shows that the women of age above 65 have the highest female suicide rate while the Asian American girls with the age in between 15 – 24, have the highest rates of depressive symptoms. (Schoen C, et al, 1997). With respect to whites, the Asian American adolescent boys are twice as likely to have been physically abused, and three times as likely to report sexual abuse. * Japanese, Koreans, Chinese and Filipino have higher number of depressive symptoms than Americans (Christina B. Young, 2010, p. 379-382). * Research shows that Chinese Americans have a lifetime prevalence rate of major depression as high as 17%, with 10% reporting major depression within 1993. (Kessler RC et al, 1994, p. 8-19) * 71% of Southeast Asians are affected by depression, Hmong with (85%) and Cambodians (81%) have the highest rates of depression. 70% of Southeast Asian in America are found to have post-traumatic stress disorder.
Depression is a very serious disease which is often under-diagnosed among the college students which leads to fatal consequences. This study was conducted by Christina B. Young et al on Asian-American and White undergraduate students at the University of California, San Diego (UCSD). Christina B Young created an online survey in which many pre-medical students participated. After they filled the nine item Patient Health Questionnaire and key demographic information, results were collected. Christina compared Caucasians and Asian-Americans and found that the Asian-Americans have an elevated level of depression rate. Females were more depressed than males (Christina B. Young, 2010, p. 378-382). Studies conducted by National Latino and Asian American Study (NLAAS, May 2002 to December 2003) were the first ones to examine the rate of mental illness and its treatment used among the national sampling of the three major Asian American Groups. This study was funded by the National Institute of Mental Health, interviewed 2,095 participants, consisting of large samples of Chinese, Filipino and Vietnamese-as well as other Asian Americans, including Koreans Japanese, and Asian Indians among others.
Causes that lead to the Depression
Misconceptions About Self - Asian Americans have a lot of misconceptions that they are “role model” to healthy minority. This false picture of Asian Americans negatively affects their mental health, thereby limiting their treatment if they are depressed. Economical and Language Problems - Asian Americans face economical and language problems, which prevent them...
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